• Publications
  • Influence
The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate. Expand
Bivariate line‐fitting methods for allometry
This review describes for the practitioner the essential features of line‐fitting methods for estimating the relationship between two variables: what methods are commonly used, which method should be used when, and how to make inferences from these lines to answer common research questions. Expand
Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits.
It is asserted that community ecology should return to an emphasis on four themes that are tied together by a two-step process: how the fundamental niche is governed by functional traits within the context of abiotic environmental gradients; and how the interaction between traits and fundamental niches maps onto the realized niche in the context a biotic interaction milieu. Expand
Plant Ecological Strategies: Some Leading Dimensions of Variation Between Species
The leaf mass per area–leaf lifespan (LMA-LL) dimension expresses slow turnover of plant parts, long nutrient residence times, and slow response to favorable growth conditions. Expand
A leaf-height-seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme
  • M. Westoby
  • Mathematics
  • Plant and Soil
  • 1 February 1998
A leaf-height-seed (LHS) plant ecology strategy scheme is proposed. The axes would be specific leaf area SLA (light-capturing area deployed per dry mass allocated), height of the plant's canopy atExpand
Opportunistic management for rangelands not at equilibrium.
ing and summarizing knowledge about range dynamics without distorting it. The amount of detail lost in a particular description would depend on how many states and transitions were recognized. We areExpand
Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought
It is shown that 70% of 226 forest species from 81 sites worldwide operate with narrow hydraulic safety margins against injurious levels of drought stress and therefore potentially face long-term reductions in productivity and survival if temperature and aridity increase as predicted for many regions across the globe. Expand
TRY – a global database of plant traits
The improved availability of plant trait data in the unified global database is expected to support a paradigm shift from species to trait-based ecology, offer new opportunities for synthetic plant trait research and enable a more realistic and empirically grounded representation of terrestrial vegetation in Earth system models. Expand
Strategy shifts in leaf physiology, structure and nutrient content between species of high‐ and low‐rainfall and high‐ and low‐nutrient habitats
These trends can be interpreted as part of a previously undocumented water conservation strategy in species from dry habitats, by investing heavily in photosynthetic enzymes, a larger drawdown of internal CO 2 concentration is achieved, and a given photosynthesis rate is possible at a lower stomatal conductance. Expand
Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwide.
The magnitude of species-driven differences is much larger than previously thought and greater than climate-driven variation, and the decomposability of a species' litter is consistently correlated with that species' ecological strategy within different ecosystems globally, representing a new connection between whole plant carbon strategy and biogeochemical cycling. Expand