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Neuroanatomical Correlates of the Income-Achievement Gap
In the United States, the difference in academic achievement between higher- and lower-income students (i.e., the income-achievement gap) is substantial and growing. In the research reported here, weExpand
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The Impact of Alternative Grade Configurations on Student Outcomes Through Middle and High School
We use statewide administrative data from Florida to estimate the impact of attending public schools with different grade configurations on student achievement through grade 10. Based on anExpand
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School Accountability, Autonomy and Choice Around the World
Accountability, autonomy and choice are now the watchwords of education reformers around the globe. This book presents new evidence from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) testExpand
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School Accountability, Autonomy, Choice, and the Level of Student Achievement
Accountability, autonomy, and choice play a leading role in recent school reforms in many countries. This report provides new evidence on whether students perform better in school systems that haveExpand
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Endogenous Stratification in Randomized Experiments
Policymakers are often interested in estimating how policy interventions affect the outcomes of those most in need of help. This concern has motivated the practice of disaggregating experimentalExpand
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The Middle School Plunge : achievement tumbles when young students change schools
In 2010, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg (North Carolina) school district shuttered four of its eight middle schools, opting to serve students in elementary schools spanning kindergarten through grade 8.Expand
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Beyond the 30-Million-Word Gap: Children’s Conversational Exposure Is Associated With Language-Related Brain Function
Children’s early language exposure impacts their later linguistic skills, cognitive abilities, and academic achievement, and large disparities in language exposure are associated with familyExpand
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Cognitive Skills, Student Achievement Tests, and Schools
Cognitive skills predict academic performance, so schools that improve academic performance might also improve cognitive skills. To investigate the impact schools have on both academic performanceExpand
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Class-Size Effects in School Systems Around the World: Evidence from Between-Grade Variation in Timss
To be able to accept high-voltage pulses, in the order of 70 kV, required for re-starting a hot high-power high-pressure discharge lamp, having a power rating, for example, of 6 kW and up, includingExpand
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Class-size effects in school systems around the world: Evidence from between-grade variation in TIMSS
We estimate the effect of class size on student performance in 11 countries, combining school fixed effects and instrumental variables to identify random class-size variation between two adjacentExpand
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