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Workgroup Report: Drinking-Water Nitrate and Health—Recent Findings and Research Needs
TLDR
The role of drinking-water nitrate exposure as a risk factor for specific cancers, reproductive outcomes, and other chronic health effects must be studied more thoroughly before changes to the regulatory level for nitrate in drinking water can be considered.
International patterns and trends in thyroid cancer incidence, 1973–2002
TLDR
Analysis of published CI5 data suggests that thyroid cancer rates increased between 1973 and 2002 in most populations worldwide, and that the increase does not appear to be restricted to a particular region of the world or by the underlying rates of thyroid cancer.
A large prospective study of meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk: an investigation of potential mechanisms underlying this association.
TLDR
A positive association for red and processed meat intake and colorectal cancer is found; heme iron, nitrate/nitrite, and heterocyclic amines from meat may explain these associations.
Linking environmental nutrient enrichment and disease emergence in humans and wildlife.
TLDR
Examination of the consequences of nutrient pollution on directly transmitted, vector-borne, complex life cycle, and noninfectious pathogens, including West Nile virus, malaria, harmful algal blooms, coral reef diseases, and amphibian malformations, suggests the importance of careful disease management in conjunction with continued intensification of global nutrient cycles.
Drinking Water Nitrate and the Risk of Non‐Hodgkin's Lymphoma
TLDR
It is shown that longterm exposure to elevated nitrate levels in drinking water may contribute to the risk of NHL, and the combined effect of water nitrate and carotene intake.
Nutrient Intakes and Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus and Distal Stomach
TLDR
The data suggest that greater intake of dietary fiber, certain carotenoids, and vitamins may decrease the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma, whereas greater consumption of saturated fat may increase the risk on both cancer sites.
Dietary patterns and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and distal stomach.
TLDR
A dietary pattern analysis study of an eastern Nebraska population suggests that a diet high in fruit and vegetables may decrease the risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma and that a diets high in meats may increase therisk of distal stomach adenOCarcinomas.
Meat Consumption and Risk of Esophageal and Gastric Cancer in a Large Prospective Study
TLDR
Positive associations between red meat intake and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and between DiMeIQx intake and gastric cardia cancer are found.
Nitrate Intake and the Risk of Thyroid Cancer and Thyroid Disease
TLDR
Nitrate may play a role in the etiology of thyroid cancer and warrants further study.
Using Geographic Information Systems for Exposure Assessment in Environmental Epidemiology Studies
TLDR
It is concluded that the use of GIS in exposure assessment for environmental epidemiology studies is not only feasible but can enhance the understanding of the association between contaminants in the authors' environment and disease.
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