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Challenges for the conservation of calcareous grasslands in northwestern Europe: integrating the requirements of flora and fauna
TLDR
The main constraints for a successfully integrated conservation management presently consist of a limited availability and exchange of information, and an insufficient organisation of research and management at an international level.
Matching type of livestock to desired biodiversity outcomes in pastures – a review
TLDR
There is an urgent need to understand the genetic basis of differences between domestic grazing animal species and to separate true breed effects from effects of rearing environment, and the economic implications of using different animal types.
The historical and socioeconomic perspective of calcareous grasslands—lessons from the distant and recent past
Calcareous grasslands are one of the most species-rich habitats and a central issue in nature conservation management in Europe. Comparative vegetation ecological studies let us suppose that
Differences in the climatic debts of birds and butterflies at a continental scale
Climate changes have profound effects on the distribution of numerous plant and animal species(1-3). However, whether and how different taxonomic groups are able to track climate changes at large
Species richness declines and biotic homogenisation have slowed down for NW-European pollinators and plants
TLDR
It is found that extensive species richness loss and biotic homogenisation occurred before 1990, whereas these negative trends became substantially less accentuated during recent decades, being partially reversed for certain taxa (e.g. bees in Great Britain and Netherlands).
Grazing and Conservation Management
Theoretical background the development of grassland communities in north-western Europe evaluation - changes in plant species richness changes in plant communities structural diversity and boundary
Utilization of heterogeneous grasslands by domestic herbivores: Theory to management
TLDR
To ensure the sustainability and productivity of heterogeneous grasslands, managers must be able to understand and manipulate livestock grazing patterns, and research at both theoretical and applied levels is needed.
Effects of large herbivores on grassland arthropod diversity
TLDR
It is concluded that large herbivores can only increase arthropod diversity if they cause an increase in (a)biotic heterogeneity, and then only if this increase is large enough to compensate for the loss of total resource abundance and the increased mortality rate.
A Quantitative Conservation Approach for the Endangered Butterfly Maculinea alcon
TLDR
The results highlight the importance of careful management when site quality is determined by multiple factors and can be fruitfully extended to other endangered species, provided enough is known about their ecological requirements and how management actions affect them.
Effect of spectral composition of artificial light on the attraction of moths
TLDR
The potential use of lamps with larger wavelengths to effectively reduce the negative effect of light pollution on moth population dynamics and communities where moths play an important role is indicated.
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