Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science
A large-scale assessment suggests that experimental reproducibility in psychology leaves a lot to be desired, and correlational tests suggest that replication success was better predicted by the strength of original evidence than by characteristics of the original and replication teams.
Why can't a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures.
- D. Schmitt, A. Realo, M. Voracek, J. Allik
- PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Overall, higher levels of human development--including long and healthy life, equal access to knowledge and education, and economic wealth--were the main nation-level predictors of larger sex differences in personality.
Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories.
Examination of correlations between conspiracist ideation and a range of individual psychological factors showed that belief in the entirely fictitious conspiracy theory was significantly associated with stronger belief in other real-world conspiracy theories, stronger paranormal beliefs, and lower crystallized intelligence.
Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands.
Findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions demonstrate that sex differences in the desire for sexual variety are culturally universal throughout these world regions.
Role of media reports in completed and prevented suicide: Werther v. Papageno effects.
- T. Niederkrotenthaler, M. Voracek, G. Sonneck
- Psychology, MedicineThe British journal of psychiatry : the journal…
- 1 September 2010
The impact of suicide reporting may not be restricted to harmful effects; rather, coverage of positive coping in adverse circumstances, as covered in media items about suicidal ideation, may have protective effects.
The Attractive Female Body Weight and Female Body Dissatisfaction in 26 Countries Across 10 World Regions: Results of the International Body Project I
- V. Swami, D. Frederick, I. Živčić-Bećirevic
- PsychologyPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
- 23 February 2010
Results indicated there were significant cross-regional differences in the ideal female figure and body dissatisfaction, but effect sizes were small across high-socioeconomic-status (SES) sites.
Patterns and Universals of Adult Romantic Attachment Across 62 Cultural Regions
As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completedthe RelationshipQuestionnaire(RQ), a self-reportmeasure of adult…
One Century of Global IQ Gains
Findings include that IQ gains vary according to domain, are stronger for adults than children, and have decreased in more recent decades, while factors associated with life history speed seem mainly responsible for the Flynn effect’s general trajectory.
Analytic thinking reduces belief in conspiracy theories
Psychometric Evaluation of the Tagalog and German Subjective Happiness Scales and a Cross-Cultural Comparison
The Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) has recently been developed as a more complete measure for the assessment of molar subjective happiness. In the present study, we report on the translation and…