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Experience-dependent changes in cerebral activation during human REM sleep
TLDR
Using positron emission tomography and regional cerebral blood flow measurements, it is shown that waking experience influences regional brain activity during subsequent sleep and supports the hypothesis that memory traces are processed during REM sleep in humans.
Implicit sequence learning in children.
TLDR
The results show no age-related difference in the serial reaction time performance, which is consistent with the idea that implicit learning abilities may be efficient early in development.
Alzheimer' Disease as a Disconnection Syndrome?
TLDR
The growing amount of evidence supporting the hypothesis that Alzheimer's disease includes a disconnection syndrome, mainly from neuropathological, electrophysiological, and neuroimaging studies is reviewed.
Exploring the unity and diversity of the neural substrates of executive functioning
TLDR
PET was used to reexamine by conjunction and interaction paradigms the cerebral areas associated with three executive processes (updating, shifting, and inhibition) and showed that specific prefrontal cerebral areas were associated with each executive process.
Regional brain activity during working memory tasks.
TLDR
The data confirm that the lower left supramarginal gyrus and premotor area are the key regions subserving short-term verbal memory processes and suggest that the updating memory task is related to middorsolateral prefrontal activation, most probably responsible for the updating function of the central executive.
Remembering the past and imagining the future in schizophrenia.
TLDR
Investigation of schizophrenic patients' ability to generate specific mental images of their personal past and future showed that patients recalled fewer specific past events than did healthy controls and were even more impaired in generating specific future events.
PHENOMENAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIES FOR EMOTIONAL AND NEUTRAL EVENTS IN OLDER AND YOUNGER ADULTS
TLDR
The results suggest that the effect of emotion on phenomenal characteristics of autobiographical memories is similar in younger and older adults, but that older adults tend to reappraise negative events in a more positive light than younger adults.
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