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The Role of the Medial Frontal Cortex in Cognitive Control
TLDR
New findings in cognitive neuroscience concerning cortical interactions that subserve the recruitment and implementation of cognitive control are evaluated, suggesting that monitoring-related pMFC activity serves as a signal that engages regulatory processes in the LPFC to implement performance adjustments.
Trial-by-Trial Coupling of Concurrent Electroencephalogram and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Identifies the Dynamics of Performance Monitoring
TLDR
Investigations of the dynamic coupling between EEG and fMRI provide a powerful approach for the study of higher order brain functions, and this trial-by-trial EEG measure of performance monitoring predicted the fMRI activity in the rostral cingulate zone.
Conscious perception of errors and its relation to the anterior insula
TLDR
It is suggested that errors elicit reactions highly reminiscent of an orienting response and may thus induce the autonomic arousal needed to recruit the required mental and physical resources.
Single-trial EEG–fMRI reveals the dynamics of cognitive function
Prediction of human errors by maladaptive changes in event-related brain networks
TLDR
These findings provide insights into the brain network dynamics preceding human performance errors and suggest that monitoring of the identified precursor states may help in avoiding human errors in critical real-world situations.
Neurophysiology of performance monitoring and adaptive behavior.
TLDR
The neurophysiology of evaluating action course and outcome with respect to their valence is reviewed, i.e., reward and punishment, and initiating short- and long-term adaptations, learning, and decisions.
Post-Error Adjustments
TLDR
Reanalyzed and follow-up data from a flanker task and a moving dots interference task are reported showing that PES and PIA are not necessarily correlated, that P ES depends on the response–stimulus interval, and that Pes is reliable on a within-subject level over periods as long as several months.
Error Awareness Revisited: Accumulation of Multimodal Evidence from Central and Autonomic Nervous Systems
TLDR
A novel interpretation of the implementation and emergence of error awareness in the brain is suggested, which suggests that perceived errors provoke the previously established post-error heart rate deceleration and pupil size yields a more prominent dilatory effect after an erroneous saccade.
Genetically Determined Differences in Learning from Errors
TLDR
Dopamine D2 receptor reduction seems to decrease sensitivity to negative action consequences, which may explain an increased risk of developing addictive behaviors in A1-allele carriers.
Post-Error Behavioral Adjustments Are Facilitated by Activation and Suppression of Task-Relevant and Task-Irrelevant Information Processing
TLDR
The findings suggest that the neural architecture underlying sequential behavioral adaptation may be determined primarily by how control is executed by the individual when adjustments are needed.
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