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An Update on the Potential of North American Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) to Transmit West Nile Virus
TLDR
In determining the potential for a mosquito species to become involved in transmitting WNV, it is necessary to consider not only its laboratory vector competence but also its abundance, host-feeding preference, involvement with other viruses with similar transmission cycles, and whether WNV has been isolated from this species under natural conditions. Expand
Vector Competence of North American Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) for West Nile Virus
TLDR
The potential for several North American mosquito species to transmit the newly introduced West Nile (WN) virus is evaluated, and laboratory vector competence, host-feeding preferences, relative abundance, and season of activity determine the role that these species could play in transmitting WN virus. Expand
Vector competence of selected North American Culex and Coquillettidia mosquitoes for West Nile virus.
TLDR
The WNV vector potential of several North American mosquito species was evaluated and Culex restuans and Cx. Expand
Effect of Environmental Temperature on the Ability of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) to Transmit West Nile Virus
TLDR
The effect of environmental temperature should to be considered when evaluating the vector competence of these mosquitoes and modeling risk of WN virus transmission in nature. Expand
Ochlerotatus j. japonicus in Frederick County, Maryland: discovery, distribution, and vector competence for West Nile virus.
Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus is reported for the 1st time south of the Mason-Dixon Line, in Frederick County, Maryland. Fifty-seven oviposition trap samples were collected throughout the countyExpand
Potential for New York mosquitoes to transmit West Nile virus.
TLDR
The potential for several North American mosquito species to transmit the newly introduced West Nile (WN) virus was evaluated, and Culex pipiens mosquitoes were highly susceptible to infection, and nearly all individuals with a disseminated infection did transmit WN virus by bite. Expand
Characterization of clone 13, a naturally attenuated avirulent isolate of Rift Valley fever virus, which is altered in the small segment.
The 74HB59 strain of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus, isolated from a human case in the Central African Republic, was shown to be composed of a heterogeneous population of viruses when plaque-purifiedExpand
Eastern equine encephalitis virus in birds: relative competence of European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).
To determine whether eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus infection in starlings may be more fulminant than in various native candidate reservoir birds, we compared their respective intensitiesExpand
Experimental Vertical Transmission of West Nile Virus by Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)
TLDR
Investigating vertical transmission as a means of viral survival during interepizootics found female Cx. Expand
Potential North American Vectors of West Nile Virus
TLDR
Factors such as population density, feeding preference, longevity, and season of activity also need to be considered in determining the role these species could play in the transmission of WN virus. Expand
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