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Seven temperate terrestrial planets around the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1
The observations reveal that at least seven planets with sizes and masses similar to those of Earth revolve around TRAPPIST-1, and the six inner planets form a near-resonant chain, such that their orbital periods are near-ratios of small integers.
A seven-planet resonant chain in TRAPPIST-1
The TRAPPIST-1 system is the first transiting planet system found orbiting an ultra-cool dwarf star. At least seven planets similar to Earth in radius and in mass were previously found to transit
The nature of the TRAPPIST-1 exoplanets.
Context. The TRAPPIST-1 system hosts seven Earth-sized, temperate exoplanets orbiting an ultra-cool dwarf star. As such, it represents a remarkable setting to study the formation and evolution of
The habitability of Proxima Centauri b. I. Irradiation, rotation and volatile inventory from formation to the present
Proxima b is a planet with a minimum mass of 1.3 MEarth orbiting within the habitable zone (HZ) of Proxima Centauri, a very low-mass, active star and the Sun's closest neighbor. Here we investigate a
The habitability of Proxima Centauri b II. Possible climates and Observability
Radial velocity monitoring has found the signature of a $M \sin i = 1.3$~M$_\oplus$ planet located within the Habitable Zone (HZ) of Proxima Centauri \citep{Anglada16}. Despite a hotter past and an
Late Tharsis formation and implications for early Mars
The rotational figure of Mars (that is, its equilibrium shape) and its surface topography before Tharsis formed, when the spin axis of the planet was controlled by the difference in elevation between the northern and southern hemispheres (hemispheric dichotomy), is calculated.
Modeling climate diversity, tidal dynamics and the fate of volatiles on TRAPPIST-1 planets
TRAPPIST-1 planets are invaluable for the study of comparative planetary science outside our Solar System and possibly habitability. First, we derive from N-body simulations possible planetary
Day-night cloud asymmetry prevents early oceans on Venus but not on Earth.
It is shown using three-dimensional global climate model simulations of early Venus and Earth that water clouds-which preferentially form on the nightside, owing to the strong subsolar water vapour absorption-have a strong net warming effect that inhibits surface water condensation even at modest insolations, showing that water never condensed and that oceans never formed on the surface of Venus.
TRAPPIST-1: Global results of the Spitzer Exploration Science Program Red Worlds
With more than 1000 hours of observation from Feb 2016 to Oct 2019, the Spitzer Exploration Program Red Worlds (ID: 13067, 13175 and 14223) exclusively targeted TRAPPIST-1, a nearby (12pc) ultracool