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Quality-of-life changes and hearing impairment. A randomized trial.
TLDR
Hearing loss is associated with important adverse effects on the quality of life of elderly persons, effects which are reversible with hearing aids.
Quality-of-Life Changes and Hearing Impairment
TLDR
Assessment of whether hearing aids improve the quality of life of elderly persons with hearing loss at primary care clinics at a Bureau of Veterans Affairs hospital finds that hearing aid use is associated with improved quality oflife in these patients.
Association Between Hearing Impairment and the Quality of Life of Elderly Individuals
TLDR
It is concluded that hearing impairment is associated with important adverse effects on the quality of life of elderly individuals, and that these effects are perceived as severe handicaps even by individuals with only mild to moderate degrees of hearing loss.
Methods for Screening for Hearing Loss in Older Adults
TLDR
The Audioscope is preferred by patients, and outperforms the HHIE-S using a variety of reference standard definitions, and compares well with other screening tools for detecting hearing loss.
Postoperative complications after thoracic and major abdominal surgery in patients with and without obstructive lung disease.
TLDR
Clinical variables appear better than preoperative spirometry in predicting postoperative cardiopulmonary complications, and increased age, higher American Society of Anesthesiologists class, an abnormal chest radiograph, and perioperative bronchodilator administration were associated with higher cardiac or serious pulmonary complication rates.
Sustained benefits of hearing aids.
TLDR
It is concluded that hearing aids provide sustained benefits for at least a year in these elderly individuals with hearing impairment.
The Sickness Impact Profile for nursing homes (SIP-NH)
TLDR
The SIP-NH reduces respondent burden and has acceptable internal consistency and external validity and is potentially useful for discriminatory and predictive purposes, responsiveness to change will require longitudinal evaluation.
Operative risk in patients with severe obstructive pulmonary disease.
TLDR
Although the risk of coronary artery bypass grafting deserves further study, noncardiac surgery carries an acceptable operative risk in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy: The wide-angle retinal camera
TLDR
Fundus photographs taken by the 45° camera through pharmacologically dilated pupils and read by trained readers perform as well as ophthalmologists for detecting diabetic retinopathy.
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