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INVITED REVIEW: Molecular analysis of predation: a review of best practice for DNA‐based approaches
In more specialized areas, the utility of temperature and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to examine responses of predators to prey diversity, and the potential of quantitative polymerase chain reaction systems to quantify predation are examined. Expand
Detecting predation and scavenging by DNA gut-content analysis: a case study using a soil insect predator-prey system
Although prey consumption was negatively correlated with cadaver age, Carrion prey could be detected by PCR as efficiently as fresh prey irrespective of carrion age, the first proof that PCR-based techniques are highly efficient and sensitive, both in fresh and carrions prey detection. Expand
Molecular scatology: how to improve prey DNA detection success in avian faeces?
It is suggested that collecting faeces from smooth, clean and non‐absorbing surfaces, protected from sunlight and rain, improves DNA detection success in avian Faeces. Expand
Impact of wildflower strips on biological control of cabbage lepidopterans.
It is demonstrated that the provision of wildflower strips does not necessarily enhance biological control of lepidopteran cabbage pests and suggest that site-specific environmental factors strongly affect the impact of wild flower strips. Expand
Endoparasitism in cereal aphids: molecular analysis of a whole parasitoid community
A DNA‐based approach to effectively track trophic interactions within an aphid–parasitoid food web, targeting, for the first time, the whole community of parasitoids and hyperparasITods associated with a single host is presented. Expand
Optimizing methods for PCR-based analysis of predation
It is demonstrated that assay sensitivity, in combination with other methodological factors, plays a crucial role to obtain robust trophic interaction data and future work employing molecular prey detection should consider and minimize the methodologically induced variation that would also allow for better cross‐study comparisons. Expand
Parasitoid control of aphids in organic and conventional farming systems
It appears that the extra plant diversity and greater area of semi-natural habitats on organic farms offer no advantage for increasing cereal aphid parasitoid diversity, at least at the aphid abundances encountered during the sampling period. Expand
Biology, ecology, and control of elaterid beetles in agricultural land.
Wireworms, the larvae of click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae), have had a centuries-long role as major soil insect pests worldwide, and efforts to obtain comparable knowledge on other economically important elaterids are crucial for generation of multifaceted control strategies. Expand
Amplification facilitators and multiplex PCR : Tools to overcome PCR-inhibition in DNA-gut-content analysis of soil-living invertebrates
Abstract Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be used to detect prey within the gut contents of predators and allows specific trophic interactions to be studied among soil-dwelling invertebrates whichExpand
The feeding ecology of elaterid larvae in central European arable land: New perspectives based on naturally occurring stable isotopes
Stable isotope analysis was used to assess the trophic ecology of wireworms, the larvae of click beetles, in Central European arable land to reveal high intraspecifictrophic plasticity in these soil insects. Expand