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Wastewater treatment plants release large amounts of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli into the environment.
BACKGROUND The determinants of the spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC) in the community remain unclear. To evaluate its dissemination in the environment, weExpand
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Most Multidrug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates from Hospitals in Eastern France Belong to a Few Clonal Types
ABSTRACT This study aimed to determine the genetic diversity of clinical multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We used pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence typing to analyzeExpand
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Control of Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase in intensive care units: rectal screening may not be needed in non-epidemic situations.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of screening cultures in the control of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in intensive care units (ICUs). DESIGN A 4-yearExpand
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Non-observance of guidelines for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis and surgical-site infections
Objective:a prospective multicentre study was conducted to assess major aspects of surgical prophylaxis and to determine whether inappropriate antimicrobial prophylaxis was a factor associated (riskExpand
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Endemicity, molecular diversity and colonisation routes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in intensive care units
Abstract. Objective: We carried out a prospective study to evaluate the endemicity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in intensive care units (ICUs). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used toExpand
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The role of water fittings in intensive care rooms as reservoirs for the colonization of patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa
ObjectiveTo assess the role of the water environment in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization of patients in intensive care units in the absence of a recognized outbreak.Design andExpand
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Antibiotic susceptibility and genotypic characterization of Haemophilus influenzae strains isolated from nasopharyngeal specimens from children in day-care centers in eastern France.
OBJECTIVE To determine the overall carriage rate for Haemophilus influenzae in young children in day-care centers, the frequency of resistance to various classes of antibiotic, and the clonalExpand
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Trends of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli sequence type 131 and its H30 subclone in a French hospital over a 15-year period.
Sequence type 131 (ST131) is a predominant lineage among extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli. It plays a major role in the worldwide dissemination of E. coli producing extended-spectrumExpand
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Use of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for investigation of an outbreak ofClostridium difficile infection among geriatric patients
A six-month outbreak ofClostridium difficile infection among elderly residents of a middle-term-care facility was investigated. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used to genotype 22 outbreakExpand
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Evidence for Induction of Integron-Based Antibiotic Resistance by the SOS Response in a Clinical Setting
Bacterial resistance to β-lactams may rely on acquired β-lactamases encoded by class 1 integron-borne genes. Rearrangement of integron cassette arrays is mediated by the integrase IntI1. It has beenExpand
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