• Publications
  • Influence
This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa
This paper studies empirically the impact of mining on conflicts in Africa. Using novel data, we combine geo-referenced information over the 1997-2010 period on the location and characteristics ofExpand
  • 188
  • 32
Make Trade Not War?
This paper analyses theoretically and empirically the relationship between military conflicts and trade. We show that the conventional wisdom that trade promotes peace is only partially true even inExpand
  • 405
  • 24
Welfare and Trade Without Pareto
Quantifications of gains from trade in heterogeneous firm models assume that productivity is Pareto distributed. Replacing this assumption with log-normal heterogeneity retains some useful ParetoExpand
  • 115
  • 13
Seeds of Distrust: Conflict in Uganda
We study the effect of civil conflict on social capital, focusing on the experience of Uganda during the last decade. Using individual and county-level data, we document causal effects on trust andExpand
  • 199
  • 12
War Signals: A Theory of Trade, Trust and Conflict
We construct a dynamic theory of civil conflict hinging on inter-ethnic trust and trade. The model economy is inhabitated by two ethnic groups. Inter-ethnic trade requires imperfectly observedExpand
  • 109
  • 11
Growth and Risk at the Industry Level: The Real Effects of Financial Liberalization
This paper analyzes the effects of financial liberalization on growth and volatility at the industry level in a large sample of countries. We estimate the impact of liberalization on production,Expand
  • 162
  • 10
From Micro to Macro: Demand, Supply, and Heterogeneity in the Trade Elasticity
Models of heterogeneous firms with selection into export market participation generically exhibit aggregate trade elasticities that vary across country-pairs. Only when heterogeneity is assumedExpand
  • 76
  • 10
The Geography of Conflicts and Regional Trade Agreements
In addition to standard trade gains, regional trade agreements (RTAs) can promote peaceful relations by increasing the opportunity cost of conflicts. Country pairs with large trade gains from RTAsExpand
  • 84
  • 10
Networks in Conflict: Theory and Evidence from the Great War of Africa
We study from both a theoretical and an empirical perspective how a network of military alliances and enmities affects the intensity of a conflict. The model combines elements from network theory andExpand
  • 67
  • 7
A Theory of Defensive Skill-Based Innovation and Globalization
This Paper considers a dynamic model of innovations in which firms can endogenously bias the direction of technological change. Both in a North-North and North-South context, we show that, whenExpand
  • 253
  • 7