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Short‐term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance
TLDR
Data demonstrate that SIT is a time‐efficient strategy to induce rapid adaptations in skeletal muscle and exercise performance that are comparable to ET in young active men.
Low-volume high-intensity interval training reduces hyperglycemia and increases muscle mitochondrial capacity in patients with type 2 diabetes.
TLDR
It is indicated that low-volume HIT can rapidly improve glucose control and induce adaptations in skeletal muscle that are linked to improved metabolic health in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Ingested protein dose response of muscle and albumin protein synthesis after resistance exercise in young men.
TLDR
Dietary protein consumed after exercise in excess of the rate at which it can be incorporated into tissue protein stimulates irreversible oxidation, which suggested that the stimulation of MPS after resistance exercise may be related to amino acid availability.
Ingestion of whey hydrolysate, casein, or soy protein isolate: effects on mixed muscle protein synthesis at rest and following resistance exercise in young men.
TLDR
It is concluded that the feeding-induced simulation of MPS in young men is greater after whey hydrolysate or soy protein consumption than casein both at rest and after resistance exercise; moreover, despite both being fast proteins, whey Hydrolysate stimulated MPS to a greater degree than soy after resistance Exercise.
Differential effects of resistance and endurance exercise in the fed state on signalling molecule phosphorylation and protein synthesis in human muscle
TLDR
Chronic RE or EE training modifies the protein synthetic response of functional protein fractions, with a shift toward exercise phenotype‐specific responses, without an obvious explanatory change in the phosphorylation of regulatory signalling pathway proteins.
A practical model of low‐volume high‐intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms
TLDR
It is demonstrated that a practical model of low volume HIT is a potent stimulus for increasing skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity and improving exercise performance and suggested that increases in SIRT1, nuclear PGC‐1α, and Tfam may be involved in coordinating mitochondrial adaptations in response to HIT in human skeletal muscle.
Postactivation potentiation, fiber type, and twitch contraction time in human knee extensor muscles.
TLDR
Data indicate that, similar to the muscles of small mammals, human muscles with shorter twitch contraction times and a higher percentage of type II fibers exhibit greater posttetanic twitch force potentiation.
Gender differences in strength and muscle fiber characteristics
TLDR
Data suggest that the greater strength of the men was due primarily to larger fibers, and it is difficult to determine the extent to which the larger fibers in men represent a true biological difference rather that a difference in physical activity.
Resistance exercise enhances myofibrillar protein synthesis with graded intakes of whey protein in older men.
TLDR
It was determined that whole-body leucine oxidation increased in a stepwise, dose-dependent manner and the optimal whey protein dose for non-frail older adults to consume, to increase myofibrillar MPS above fasting rates, was 20 g.
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