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Disruption of parasitism of the California red scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) by three ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
TLDR
Southern fire ant was the least disruptive and native gray ant the most disruptive, and disruption by the ants had a more significant negative effect on oviposition by A. melinus than C. bifasciata. Expand
Approaches for sampling the twospotted spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) on clementines in Spain.
TLDR
The incidence (proportion of infested samples) and mean density relationship were developed, and optimal binomial sample sizes for estimating low populations of T. urticae on leaves and fruit were found, and binomial sampling was the only valid method for estimating mite density on fruit. Expand
Approaches for Sampling the Twospotted Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) on Clementines in Spain
TLDR
The incidence (proportion of infested samples) and mean density relationship were developed, and optimal binomial sample sizes for estimating low populations of T. urticae on leaves and fruit were found, but binomial sampling was the only valid method for estimating mite density on fruit. Expand
Field efficacy of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) mass trapping technique on clementine groves in Spain
TLDR
Based on the number of adults captured, fruit maturity parameters and medfly fruit damage, a 25 trap per ha density appears to be a valid stand‐alone method to protect mid‐season varieties (Clemenules) from the attack of C. capitata, because <0.5% of fruits on average were damaged at harvest. Expand
Economic threshold for Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) in clementine mandarins Citrus clementina
TLDR
The multivariate regressions highlighted the key role of phytoseiid mites and leaf flush patterns, which were negatively related to fruit damage, and the shortest sampling period that satisfactorily predicted fruit damage at harvest, extended from August to mid-October. Expand
Population dynamics and seasonal trend of California red scale (Aonidiella aurantii Maskell) in citrus in Northern Spain
TLDR
The California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii, was first detected in citrus groves in Catalonia, Northern Spain, in 2000, and has since spread slowly and irregularly, with three peaks of 1 and 2 nymph instars observed: in early June, late July-early August, and late September. Expand
Diversity, spatial distribution, and sampling for ant management decision‐making in integrated pest management programs in citrus groves
TLDR
Ant species differed in spatial distributions within citrus orchards, and required different sample sizes to estimate population abundance, and enumerative and binomial sampling methods were developed for the most frequent species, L. grandis and Ph. pallidula. Expand
Seasonal trends, sampling plans and parasitoid complex of the Chinese wax scale, Ceroplastes sinensis Del Guercio (Hemiptera: Coccidae), in Mediterranean citrus groves
TLDR
This study is the first published record of C. ceroplastae in Spain and the first record of M. helvolus on C. sinensis in Spain, and its seasonal trends, relative abundance and occurrence are studied. Expand
The Influence of Host Fruit and Temperature on the Body Size of Adult Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) Under Laboratory and Field Conditions
TLDR
The size of the adult Mediterannean fruit fly seems apparently more related with air temperature than with host fruit, and the implications of this adult size pattern on the biology of C. capitata and on the application of the sterile insect technique are discussed. Expand
Enumerative and binomial sampling plans for citrus mealybug (Homoptera: pseudococcidae) in citrus groves.
TLDR
Enumerative sampling plans for the use in an integrated pest management program in citrus are recommended and may be less labor-intensive than binomial sampling for making management decisions. Expand
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