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Insect hemocytes and their role in immunity.
  • M. Lavine, M. Strand
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Insect biochemistry and molecular biology
  • 1 October 2002
The innate immune system of insects is divided into humoral and cellular defense responses. Humoral defenses include antimicrobial peptides, the cascades that regulate coagulation and melanization ofExpand
  • 1,313
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The insect cellular immune response
The innate immune system of insects is divided into humoral defenses that include the production of soluble effector molecules and cellular defenses like phagocytosis and encapsulation that areExpand
  • 475
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RNA interference in Lepidoptera: an overview of successful and unsuccessful studies and implications for experimental design.
Gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi) has revolutionized the study of gene function, particularly in non-model insects. However, in Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) RNAi has many timesExpand
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Evolution of developmental strategies in parasitic hymenoptera.
Parasitoid wasps have evolved a wide spectrum of developmental interactions with hosts. In this review we synthesize and interpret results from the phylogenetic, ecological, physiological, andExpand
  • 478
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Immunological basis for compatibility in parasitoid-host relationships.
The insect immune system serves as a key defense against attack by parasitoids. Incompatible hosts often eliminate parasitoids by encapsulation, a process in which hemocytes form a multilayeredExpand
  • 689
  • 24
Polydnavirus genomes reflect their dual roles as mutualists and pathogens.
Symbionts often exhibit significant reductions in genome complexity while pathogens often exhibit increased complexity through acquisition and diversification of virulence determinants. A fewExpand
  • 191
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Mosquitoes rely on their gut microbiota for development
Field studies indicate adult mosquitoes (Culicidae) host low diversity communities of bacteria that vary greatly among individuals and species. In contrast, it remains unclear how adult mosquitoesExpand
  • 238
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Characterization of hemocytes from the mosquitoes Anopheles gambiae and Aedes aegypti.
Hemocytes are an essential component of the mosquito immune system but current knowledge of the types of hemocytes mosquitoes produce, their relative abundance, and their functions is limited.Expand
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Organic agriculture promotes evenness and natural pest control
Human activity can degrade ecosystem function by reducing species number (richness) and by skewing the relative abundance of species (evenness). Conservation efforts often focus on restoring orExpand
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Innate immunity and its evasion and suppression by hymenopteran endoparasitoids
Recent studies suggest that insects use pattern recognition molecules to distinguish prokaryotic pathogens and fungi from “self” structures. Less understood is how the innate immune system of insectsExpand
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