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Using digital photography to study animal coloration
In understanding how visual signals function, quantifying the components of those patterns is vital. With the ever- increasing power and availability of digital photography, many studies areExpand
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Animal camouflage: current issues and new perspectives
The study of camouflage has a long history in biology, and the numerous ways of concealment and disguise found in the animal kingdom provided Darwin and Wallace with important examples forExpand
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Evaluation of the Individual Budgets Pilot Programme: Final Report
Individual budgets (IBs) were piloted as a new way of providing support for older and disabled adults and people with mental health problems eligible for publicly funded social care. TheExpand
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Disruptive coloration and background pattern matching
Effective camouflage renders a target indistinguishable from irrelevant background objects. Two interrelated but logically distinct mechanisms for this are background pattern matching (crypsis) andExpand
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Defining disruptive coloration and distinguishing its functions
Disruptive coloration breaks up the shape and destroys the outline of an object, hindering detection. The principle was first suggested approximately a century ago, but, although research hasExpand
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Speed versus accuracy in collective decision making
We demonstrate a speed versus accuracy trade–off in collective decision making. House–hunting ant colonies choose a new nest more quickly in harsh conditions than in benign ones and are lessExpand
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Predator perception and the interrelation between different forms of protective coloration
  • M. Stevens
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
  • 22 June 2007
Animals possess a range of defensive markings to reduce the risk of predation, including warning colours, camouflage, eyespots and mimicry. These different strategies are frequently consideredExpand
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Linking the evolution and form of warning coloration in nature
  • M. Stevens, G. Ruxton
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
  • 7 February 2012
Many animals are toxic or unpalatable and signal this to predators with warning signals (aposematism). Aposematic appearance has long been a classical system to study predator–prey interactions,Expand
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Dazzle coloration and prey movement
Many traits in animals reduce the rate of attack from visually hunting predators, including camouflage, warning signals and mimicry. In addition, some animal markings may reduce the likelihood thatExpand
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