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The long and the short of it: On the nature and origin of functional overlap between representations of space and time
It is concluded that the functional overlap between representations of length and duration does not result from a metaphoric construction processes mediated by learning to flexibly use words such as long and short, but may reflect an evolutionary recycling of spatial representations for more general purposes. Expand
Even Abstract Motion Influences the Understanding of Time
Many metaphor theorists argue that our mental experience of time is grounded in our understanding of space, including motion through space. Results from recent experiments – in which people thinkExpand
Algorithms in the historical emergence of word senses
A computational framework is presented that formalizes competing views of how new senses of a word might emerge by attaching to existing senses of the word, and contributes a formal account of the generative processes that underlie lexical evolution. Expand
Words as invitations to form categories
Religion insulates ingroup evaluations: the development of intergroup attitudes in India.
It is suggested that religion may play a protective role in insulating children from the internalization of stigma and develop implicit and explicit attitudes towards these groups in minority-status Muslim children and majority-status Hindu children in India. Expand
Judging a book by its cover and its contents: The representation of polysemous and homophonous meanings in four-year-old children
It is concluded that the polysemous meanings of words like book rely on a common representational base early in development, and it is suggested that this may be the result of foundational, generative properties of the lexicon or conceptual system. Expand
Measuring subjective social status in children of diverse societies
The results suggest that responses to the MacArthur ladder are internally consistent and reliable among children across a range of diverse populations, though care must be taken in utilizing these measures among children of non-industrial, small-scale societies. Expand
Do classifiers predict differences in cognitive processing? A study of nominal classification in Mandarin Chinese
Abstract In English, numerals modify nouns directly (two tables), but in Mandarin Chinese, they modify numeral classifiers that are associated with nouns (two flatthing table). Classifiers define aExpand
Contextualized Word Embeddings Encode Aspects of Human-Like Word Sense Knowledge
This work investigates whether recent advances in NLP, specifically contextualized word embeddings, capture human-like distinctions between English word senses, such as polysemy and homonymy, and finds that participants’ judgments of the relatedness between senses are correlated with distances between senses in the BERT embedding space. Expand
Could both be right? Children's and adults' sensitivity to subjectivity in language
Children did not respond in an adult-like manner until age 8 or 9, but their explanations for speakers’ conflicting assertions suggested some sensitivity to the kinds of knowledge relevant for evaluating different adjectives. Expand