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Place illusion and plausibility can lead to realistic behaviour in immersive virtual environments
- M. Slater
- PhilosophyPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B…
- 12 December 2009
It is argued that when both PI and Psi occur, participants will respond realistically to the virtual reality.
A Framework for Immersive Virtual Environments (FIVE): Speculations on the Role of Presence in Virtual Environments
It is proposed that the degree of immersion can be objectively assessed as the characteristics of a technology, and has dimensions such as the extent to which a display system can deliver an inclusive, extensive, surrounding, and vivid illusion of virtual environment to a participant.
Measuring Presence: A Response to the Witmer and Singer Presence Questionnaire
- M. Slater
- 1 October 1999
A questionnaire for eliciting presence in virtual environments together with a questionnaire for measuring a person’s immersive tendencies and Witmer and Singer define immersion as the person's response to the VE system, which is unfortunate, but not a matter of any great concern.
From presence to consciousness through virtual reality
It is argued that presence is worthy of study by neuroscientists, and that it might aid the study of perception and consciousness.
The Sense of Embodiment in Virtual Reality
- Konstantina Kilteni, R. Groten, M. Slater
- PsychologyPRESENCE: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments
- 1 December 2012
A working definition of the Sense of Embodiment is provided which states that SoE consists of three subcomponents: the sense of self-location, thesense of agency, and the senseof body ownership.
Depth of Presence in Virtual Environments
The idea of stacking depth, that is, where a participant can simulate the process of entering the virtual environment while already in such an environment, which can be repeated to several levels of depth, is introduced.
Using Presence Questionnaires in Reality
- M. Usoh, E. Catena, Sima Arman, M. Slater
- PsychologyPresence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments
- 1 October 2000
It is concluded that, although such questionnaires may be useful when all subjects experience the same type of environment, their utility is doubtful for the comparison of experiences across environments, such as immersive virtual compared to real, or desktop compared to immersive virtual.
A note on presence terminology
- M. Slater
This note addresses the confounding of the term 'presence' with several different distinct aspects of experience, and an analogy with colour science is pursued, specifically the difference between wavelength distribution and perception of colour.
Walking > walking-in-place > flying, in virtual environments
Real walking through the enhanced version of Slater's visual-cliff virtual environment yielded a strikingly compelling virtual experience, suggesting that substantial potential presence gains can be had from tracking all limbs and customizing avatar appearance.
Taking steps: the influence of a walking technique on presence in virtual reality
The studies suggest that subjective rating of presence is enhanced by the walking method provided that participants associate subjectively with the virtual body provided in the environment.