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Hypothesis for the causes and periodicity of repetitive linear enamel hypoplasia in large, wild African (Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla) and Asian (Pongo pygmaeus) apes.
It is concluded that stress in the form of LEH commences as early as 2.5 years of age in all taxa and lasts for several years, and even longer in orangutans, and that this seasonal stress is sufficiently common and of long duration that it may reflect significant stress in recent and, inferentially, fossil apes.
Developmental Stress in Immature Hominines from Late Pleistocene Eurasia: Evidence from Enamel Hypoplasia
  • M. Skinner
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1 November 1996
The advent of stressful episodes in early infancy in the Upper Palaeolithic is attributed to the low bioavailability of vitamin A due to the synergistic effects of malnutrition and infection exacerbated by a net increase in population density among socially competitive family lineages.
Variation in birth timing and location of the neonatal line in human enamel.
The location of the neonatal line in 173 primary teeth from 43 children was investigated and shown to differ significantly among pre-term, term, and post-term births, which will aid in the identification of both children and adults for whom histological examination of enamel is undertaken.
An enigmatic hypoplastic defect of the deciduous canine.
  • M. Skinner
  • Medicine
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1986
This pathology is quite common in available samples of Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic children and a cadaver sample of recent Calcuttans, and rare in a Neanderthal sample and in children from a clinical practice in Vancouver.
Rates of putrefaction of dental pulp in the Northwest coast environment.
This study based on seven experiments shows that, in Northwest coast outdoor environments in both summer and winter, the stability of dental pulp nuclei ranges from 4 days to 2 weeks.
Prevalence and Etiology of Linear Enamel Hypoplasia in Monkeys and Apes from Asia and Africa
It is demonstrated that great apes from both regions have a higher incidence of LEH and repetitive LEH than do gibbons and monkeys and that canine crown height variation is weakly associated with LEH variation.