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Understanding emotions in others: mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
High-functioning children with autism and matched controls underwent fMRI while imitating and observing emotional expressions, suggesting that a dysfunctional 'mirror neuron system' may underlie the social deficits observed in autism.
Recurrence Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Baby Siblings Research Consortium Study
TLDR
The sibling recurrence rate of ASD is higher than suggested by previous estimates, and the size of the current sample and prospective nature of data collection minimized many limitations of previous studies ofibling recurrence.
A prospective study of the emergence of early behavioral signs of autism.
Parenting and childhood anxiety: theory, empirical findings, and future directions.
TLDR
There was little evidence supporting the contention that self-reported parenting style was related to children's trait anxiety, and improved methodological designs are proposed, including the use of repeated-measure and experimental designs for examining the direction of effects.
Common genetic variants on 5p14.1 associate with autism spectrum disorders
TLDR
The results implicate neuronal cell-adhesion molecules in the pathogenesis of ASDs, and represent, to the authors' knowledge, the first demonstration of genome-wide significant association of common variants with susceptibility to ASDs.
Continuity and change in the social competence of children with autism, Down syndrome, and developmental delays.
TLDR
Improvements in early communication and play skills may have long-term consequences for later language and social competence in these groups of children.
The Behaviors of Parents of Children with Autism Predict the Subsequent Development of Their Children's Communication
TLDR
A developmental link between parental sensitivity and the child's subsequent development of communication skills in children with autism is suggested.
Head circumference and height in autism: A study by the collaborative program of excellence in autism
TLDR
Mean standardized head circumference and rates of macrocephaly were similar in probands with autism and their parents, and increased head circumference was associated with a higher (more severe) ADI‐R social algorithm score.
The development of siblings of children with autism at 4 and 14 months: social engagement, communication, and cognition.
TLDR
Infant SIBS-A who showed more neutral affect to the still face and were less able to respond to their name being called by their mothers initiated fewer nonverbal joint attention and requesting behaviors at 14 months, respectively.
Defining the social deficits of autism: the contribution of non-verbal communication measures.
TLDR
It is suggested that a deficit in the development of non-verbal indicating behaviors is a significant characteristic of young children who receive the diagnosis of autism.
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