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The pediatric Chiari I malformation: a review
TLDR
Analyzes the literature regarding this form of hindbrain herniation in regard to definition, anatomy, pathobiology, symptoms, findings, treatment, and outcomes to elucidate the optimal selection and treatment criteria. Expand
Hypertonic saline for treating raised intracranial pressure: literature review with meta-analysis.
TLDR
A greater part of the data suggest that HTS given as either a bolus or continuous infusion can be more effective than mannitol in reducing episodes of elevated ICP. Expand
Illicit methylphenidate use among Iranian medical students: prevalence and knowledge
TLDR
More educational programs regarding the use of methylphenidate are required and should be focused on the student suppliers, clinicians, pharmacists, and medical students. Expand
The history of anatomy in Persia
TLDR
The major influential Persian periods and the individuals who have contributed to the development of anatomy are reviewed to indicate that human dissection was commonplace in the first era, which led to a disciplined practice of surgery in the centuries leading to the foundation of the Persian Empire. Expand
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations: critical analysis of the literature with proposal of a new classification system.
TLDR
The authors review the current concepts related to vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations and suggest a new classification system excluding mesodiencephalic plexiform intrinsic arteriovenous mal Formations from this group of malformation. Expand
Foramen arcuale: anatomical study and review of the literature.
TLDR
The authors found that the foramen arcuale may compress the V3 segment of the VA, however, they cannot conclude that compression at this location results in symptomatic VA insufficiency. Expand
A review of subclavian steal syndrome with clinical correlation
TLDR
Conservative treatment is the initial best therapy for this syndrome, with surgery reserved for refractory symptomatic cases, and percutaneous angioplasty and stenting, rather than bypass grafts of the subclavian artery, is the widely favored surgical approach. Expand
Sulfur mustard toxicity: History, chemistry, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics
TLDR
The molecular-biological basis of SM toxicity, as far as it has been elucidated, to the pathological effects on exposure victims is related. Expand
Nasal encephaloceles: a review of etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications
TLDR
Most cases of encephaloceles are nonlife threatening and the preferred method of treatment is surgical removal after diagnosis is confirmed with computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Expand
Morphometric Analysis of the Foramen Magnum: An Anatomic Study
TLDR
These data may be of use as a morphometric database for description of “normal” variants of foramen magnum morphology and associated clinical implications. Expand
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