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Bacterial biodegradation of neonicotinoid pesticides in soil and water systems.
TLDR
This review focuses on the biodegradation of neonicotinoid-mineralising bacterial strains in soil and water systems by the bacterial community and indicates that enhanced biotransformation of these pesticides can be accomplished by mixed microbial populations under optimised environmental conditions.
Oxidative Catabolism of (+)-Pinoresinol Is Initiated by an Unusual Flavocytochrome Encoded by Translationally Coupled Genes within a Cluster of (+)-Pinoresinol-Coinduced Genes in Pseudomonas sp.
TLDR
Comp comparative genomics, proteomics, protein semipurification, and heterologous expression are used to identify a flavoprotein from the vanillyl alcohol oxidase/p-cresol methyl hydroxylase (VAO/PCMH) enzyme family in SG-MS2 that carries out the initial hydroxymation of (+)-pinoresinol at the benzylic carbon.
Cloning of a Novel 6-Chloronicotinic Acid Chlorohydrolase from the Newly Isolated 6-Chloronicotinic Acid Mineralizing Bradyrhizobiaceae Strain SG-6C
TLDR
Evidence is provided that 6-chloronicotinic acid mineralizing bacterium isolated from enrichment cultures originating from imidacloprid-contaminated soil samples was mobilized into this bacterium by an Integrative and Conjugative Element that feeds 6-hydroxynicotinic Acid into the existing nicotinic acids mineralization pathway.
Isolation of the (+)-Pinoresinol-Mineralizing Pseudomonas sp. Strain SG-MS2 and Elucidation of Its Catabolic Pathway
TLDR
Evidence suggests that both routes of lactone metabolism lead to vanillin and vanillic acid, which it is shown can then be mineralized by strain SG-MS2, and the oxidative catabolism of (+)-pinoresinol is fundamentally different from the reductive cometabolism reported for two previously characterized bacteria.