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A review of MRI findings in schizophrenia
Hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity of the default network in schizophrenia and in first-degree relatives of persons with schizophrenia
TLDR
Among patients, the magnitude of MPFC task suppression negatively correlated with default connectivity, suggesting an association between the hyperactivation and hyperconnectivity in schizophrenia.
Smaller hippocampal volume predicts pathologic vulnerability to psychological trauma
TLDR
In monozygotic twins discordant for trauma exposure, it is found evidence that smaller hippocampi indeed constitute a risk factor for the development of stress-related psychopathology.
A review of magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging findings in mild traumatic brain injury
TLDR
It is believed that the enhanced sensitivity of newer and more advanced neuroimaging techniques for identifying areas of brain damage in mTBI will be important for documenting the biological basis of postconcussive symptoms, which are likely associated with subtle brain alterations.
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: neurodegeneration following repetitive concussive and subconcussive brain trauma
TLDR
Current research efforts are focused on the creation of clinical diagnostic criteria, finding objective biomarkers for CTE, and understanding the additional risk factors and underlying mechanism that causes the disease.
Abnormalities of the left temporal lobe and thought disorder in schizophrenia. A quantitative magnetic resonance imaging study.
TLDR
New MRI neuroimaging techniques are used to derive volume measurements and three-dimensional reconstructions of temporal-lobe structures in vivo in 15 right-handed men with chronic schizophrenia and 15 matched controls to discover the degree of thought disorder is related to the size of the reduction in volume of the left posterior superior temporal gyrus.
A review of diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia.
Framework for the Statistical Shape Analysis of Brain Structures using SPHARM-PDM.
TLDR
This manuscript presents a comprehensive set of tools for the computation of 3D structural statistical shape analysis, which has been applied in several studies on brain morphometry, but can potentially be employed in other 3D shape problems.
Gamma frequency-range abnormalities to auditory stimulation in schizophrenia.
TLDR
These data provide new information on selective deficits in early-stage sensory processing in schizophrenia, a failure to support the entrainment of intrinsic gamma-frequency oscillators.
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