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Sebacinales: a hitherto overlooked cosm of heterobasidiomycetes with a broad mycorrhizal potential.
TLDR
A well-resolved phylogeny of the main lineages of basidiomycetes is presented which suggests that the Sebacinaceae is the most basal group with known mycorrhizal members, and it is evident that there is a cosm of mycor Rhizal biodiversity yet to be discovered in this group. Expand
12 Orchid Mycorrhizas: Molecular Ecology, Physiology, Evolution and Conservation Aspects
TLDR
This review is intended to provide an overview of contemporary approaches to studying orchid mycorrhizas and elaborates on what has been gleaned from these studies with regards to the ecology, physiology, evolution and conservation aspects of the association and highlights areas of the relationship that need further exploration. Expand
Mycorrhizal ecology and evolution: the past, the present, and the future.
TLDR
Large-scale molecular surveys have provided novel insights into the diversity, spatial and temporal dynamics of mycorrhizal fungal communities, and network theory makes it possible to analyze interactions between plant-fungal partners as complex underground multi-species networks. Expand
Diversity and specificity of ectomycorrhizal fungi retrieved from an old-growth Mediterranean forest dominated by Quercus ilex.
TLDR
The ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity in a Mediterranean old-growth Quercus ilex forest stand from Corsica (France), where Arbutus unedo was the only other ECM host, was analysed to determine whether oak age and host species shaped below-ground ECM diversity. Expand
Sebacinales are common mycorrhizal associates of Ericaceae.
TLDR
Basal Ericaceae lineages thus form ectendomycorrhizas with clade A Sebacinales, a clade that also harbours ectomy Corrhizal fungi, and further supports the proposition that Ericaceae ectendingomycor rhizas involve ectomycor Rhizal fungal taxa. Expand
Parallel evolutionary paths to mycoheterotrophy in understorey Ericaceae and Orchidaceae: ecological evidence for mixotrophy in Pyroleae
TLDR
The first quantitative evidence for substantial fungi-mediated mixotrophy in the Pyroleae, common ericaceous shrubs from boreal forests close to the MH Monotropoideae, is found and ecological roles of understorey plants are considered, which could influence the dynamics and composition of forest communities. Expand
Mixotrophy in orchids: insights from a comparative study of green individuals and nonphotosynthetic individuals of Cephalanthera damasonium.
TLDR
Nonphotosynthetic individuals (albinos) of the green Cephalanthera damasonium are reported on that likely represent another evolutionary step towards mycoheterotrophic plants fully feeding on fungal C. Expand
Chlorophyllous and Achlorophyllous Specimens of Epipactis microphylla (Neottieae, Orchidaceae) Are Associated with Ectomycorrhizal Septomycetes, including Truffles
TLDR
Using electron microscopy, it is demonstrated for the first time that ascomycetes, especially truffles, form typical orchid mycorrhizae, and hypothesize that replacement of rhizoctonias by ectomyCorrhizal symbionts in Neottieae entails a predisposition to achlorophylly. Expand
The role of epiphytism in architecture and evolutionary constraint within mycorrhizal networks of tropical orchids
TLDR
This study identified a bipartite network including 73 orchid species and 95 taxonomic units of mycorrhizal fungi across the natural habitats of Reunion Island and found a highly modular architecture that largely reflected an ecological barrier between epiphytic and terrestrial subnetworks. Expand
Basal hymenomycetes belonging to the Sebacinaceae are ectomycorrhizal on temperate deciduous trees.
TLDR
Two sebacinoids of divergent rDNA sequences were demonstrated to form similar ectomycorrhizas, with a well-developed Hartig net and a hyphal mantle having thick-walled outer mantle hyphae. Expand
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