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Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review.
TLDR
The weight of epidemiologic and experimental evidence indicates that a greater consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain and obesity, and sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle.
Application of a new statistical method to derive dietary patterns in nutritional epidemiology.
TLDR
A new statistical method, reduced rank regression (RRR), is applied to extract dietary patterns from 49 food groups, specifying four diabetes-related nutrients and nutrient ratios as responses that extracted a significant risk factor for diabetes.
Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases
TLDR
This critical review on the associations between the intake of vegetables and fruit and the risk of several chronic diseases shows that a high daily intake of these foods promotes health.
Glycemic index, glycemic load, and dietary fiber intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes in younger and middle-aged women.
TLDR
A diet high in rapidly absorbed carbohydrates and low in cereal fiber is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Major dietary patterns are related to plasma concentrations of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction.
TLDR
Because endothelial dysfunction is an early step in the development of atherosclerosis, this study suggests a mechanism for the role of dietary patterns in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease.
Identification of Serum Metabolites Associated With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Using a Targeted Metabolomic Approach
TLDR
The data indicate that metabolic alterations, including sugar metabolites, amino acids, and choline-containing phospholipids, are associated early on with a higher risk of T2D.
Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women.
TLDR
Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a greater magnitude of weight gain and an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in women, possibly by providing excessive calories and large amounts of rapidly absorbable sugars.
General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe.
TLDR
It is suggested that both general adiposity and abdominal adiposity are associated with the risk of death and support the use of waist circumference or waist-to-hip ratio in addition to BMI in assessing therisk of death.
Obesity and impaired metabolic health in patients with COVID-19
TLDR
Preliminary data suggest that people with obesity are at increased risk of severe COVID-19, but as data on metabolic parameters in patients with CO VID-19 are scarce, increased reporting is needed to improve understanding of the drug and the care of affected patients.
Dietary Patterns and Risk of Mortality From Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer, and All Causes in a Prospective Cohort of Women
TLDR
Greater adherence to the prudent pattern may reduce the risk of cardiovascular and total mortality, whereas greater adhere to the Western pattern may increase the risk among initially healthy women.
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