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Limestone Karsts of Southeast Asia: Imperiled Arks of Biodiversity
It is shown that limestone karsts are “arks” of biodiversity and often contain high levels of endemism, and that limestone quarrying is the primary threat to karst biodiversity in Southeast Asia.
What do we need to know about speciation?
Horizontal transmission of parthenogenesis–inducing microbes in Trichogramma wasps
This study suggests that parthenogenesis is not only curable, it can sometimes be contagious also, and concludes that there is, in fact, little evidence for cocladogenesis.
Haldane's rule in the 21st century
Haldane's Rule (HR), which states that ‘when in the offspring of two different animal races one sex is absent, rare, or sterile, that sex is the heterozygous (heterogametic) sex’, is one of the most…
Evolution of endemism on a young tropical mountain
This investigation of the evolutionary routes to endemism on the 4,095-metre-high Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, East Malaysia finds that most of its unique biodiversity is younger than the mountain itself, and comprises a mix of immigrant pre-adapted lineages and descendants from local lowland ancestors, although substantial shifts from lower to higher vegetation zones in this latter group were rare.
Impacts of rain forest fragmentation on butterflies in northern Borneo: species richness, turnover and the value of small fragments
Summary 1 Widespread and rapid losses of tropical rain forests have made understanding the responses of species to rain forest fragmentation an area of major concern. In this study we examined…
Using biogeographical patterns of endemic land snails to improve conservation planning for limestone karsts
Citizen Science Reveals Unexpected Continental-Scale Evolutionary Change in a Model Organism
This work tested for evolutionary changes in shell albedo that might have been driven by the warming of the climate in Europe over the last half century by compiling an historical dataset for 6,515 native populations of C. nemoralis and comparing this with new data on nearly 3,000 populations.
Identification skills in biodiversity professionals and laypeople: A gap in species literacy
Contemporary climate change and terrestrial invertebrates: evolutionary versus plastic changes
A review on evolutionary adaptation and phenotypic plasticity of temperature‐related traits in terrestrial invertebrates concludes that the evidence for adaptive evolution in melanization is good, but it is cautioned that genetic determination needs to be tested in each individual species, and complex genetic correlations may exist.