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Natural disturbances in the European forests in the 19th and 20th centuries
This paper, based on a literature review, presents a quantitative overview of the role of natural disturbances in European forests from 1850 to 2000. Such an overview provides a basis for modellingExpand
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Climate change may cause severe loss in the economic value of European forest land
European forests are threatened by climate change with impacts on the distribution of tree species. Previous discussions on the consequences of biome shifts have concentrated only on ecologicalExpand
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Increasing forest disturbances in Europe and their impact on carbon storage.
Disturbances from wind, bark beetles, and wildfires have increased in Europe's forests throughout the 20th century 1. Climatic changes were identified as a main driver behind this increase 2, yet howExpand
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The European carbon balance. Part 3: forests
We present a new synthesis, based on a suite of complementary approaches, of the primary production and carbon sink in forests of the 25 member states of the European Union (EU-25) during 1990-2005.Expand
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Unraveling the drivers of intensifying forest disturbance regimes in Europe
Natural disturbances like wildfire, windthrow and insect outbreaks are critical drivers of composition, structure and functioning of forest ecosystems. They are strongly climate-sensitive, and areExpand
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Climate change and European forests: what do we know, what are the uncertainties, and what are the implications for forest management?
The knowledge about potential climate change impacts on forests is continuously expanding and some changes in growth, drought induced mortality and species distribution have been observed. HoweverExpand
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Model documentation for the European Forest Information Scenario model (EFISCEN 3.1.3)
EFISCEN is a forest resource projection model, used to gain insight into the future development of European forests. It has been used widely to study issues such as sustainable management regimes,Expand
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Assessing risk and adaptation options to fires and windstorms in European forestry
Risks can generally be described as the combination of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. Using this framework, we evaluated the historical and future development of risk of fire and wind damage inExpand
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Living with storm damage to forests
Windstorms are a major disturbance factor for European forests. In the past six decades wind storms have damaged standing forest volume, which on a yearly average equals about the size of Poland'sExpand
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Assessing impacts of intensified biomass production and biodiversity protection on ecosystem services provided by European forests.
Abstract To develop viable strategies for intensifying the use of forest biomass and for increasing forest protection, impacts on ecosystem services need to be assessed. We investigated theExpand
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