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Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach.
A multidimensional coping inventory to assess the different ways in which people respond to stress was developed and an initial examination of associations between dispositional and situational coping tendencies was allowed.
Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.
Examination of the scale on somewhat different grounds, however, does suggest that future applications can benefit from its revision, and a minor modification to the Life Orientation Test is described, along with data bearing on the revised scale's psychometric properties.
Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.
A scale measuring dispositional optimism, defined in terms of generalized outcome expectancies, was used in a longitudinal study of symptom reporting among a group of undergraduates and predicted that subjects who initially reported being highly optimistic were subsequently less likely to report being bothered by symptoms.
On the Self-Regulation of Behavior
1. Introduction and plan 2. Principles of feedback control 3. Discrepancy reducing feedback processes in behavior 4. Discrepancy enlarging loops, and three further issues 5. Goals and behavior 6.
Public and private self-consciousness: Assessment and theory.
A scale was constructed to assess individual differences in self-consciou sness. Norms and test-retest reliability are presented. Factor analysis of the scale revealed that self-consciousness has
How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: a study of women with early stage breast cancer.
Path analyses suggested that several coping reactions played mediating roles in the effect of optimism on distress; acceptance and the use of humor prospectively predicted lower distress; denial and disengagement predicted more distress.
Origins and Functions of Positive and Negative Affect: A Control-Process View.
The question of how affect arises and what affect indicates is examined from a feedback-based view-point on self-regulation. Using the analogy of action control as the attempt to diminish distance to
Control theory: a useful conceptual framework for personality-social, clinical, and health psychology.
The basic construct of control theory is presented—the discrepancy-reducing feedback loop—and certain of its implications for theory in three separate areas of human psychology are discussed, demonstrating the breadth of its applicability.
Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior
I. Background.- 1. Introduction.- A Statement of Intentions.- Organizational Plan.- 2. Cybernetics, Information, and Control.- Information.- Levels of Information.- Classification of Input.-