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Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach.
We developed a multidimensional coping inventory to assess the different ways in which people respond to stress. Five scales (of four items each) measure conceptually distinct aspects ofExpand
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Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.
Research on dispositional optimism as assessed by the Life Orientation Test (Scheier & Carver, 1985) has been challenged on the grounds that effects attributed to optimism are indistinguishable fromExpand
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Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.
  • M. Scheier, C. Carver
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Health psychology : official journal of the…
  • 20 October 2009
This article describes a scale measuring dispositional optimism, defined in terms of generalized outcome expectancies. Two preliminary studies assessed the scale's psychometric properties and itsExpand
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On the Self-Regulation of Behavior
1. Introduction and plan 2. Principles of feedback control 3. Discrepancy reducing feedback processes in behavior 4. Discrepancy enlarging loops, and three further issues 5. Goals and behavior 6.Expand
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Public and private self-consciousness: Assessment and theory.
A scale was constructed to assess individual differences in self-consciou sness. Norms and test-retest reliability are presented. Factor analysis of the scale revealed that self-consciousness hasExpand
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How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: a study of women with early stage breast cancer.
At diagnosis, 59 breast cancer patients reported on their overall optimism about life; 1 day presurgery, 10 days postsurgery, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups, they reported their recent copingExpand
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Origins and Functions of Positive and Negative Affect: A Control-Process View.
The question of how affect arises and what affect indicates is examined from a feedback-based view-point on self-regulation. Using the analogy of action control as the attempt to diminish distance toExpand
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Control theory: a useful conceptual framework for personality-social, clinical, and health psychology.
Control theory provides a model of self-regulati on that we believe is useful in the analysis of human behavior. As an illustration of the breadth of its applicability, we present the basic constructExpand
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Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior
I. Background.- 1. Introduction.- A Statement of Intentions.- Organizational Plan.- 2. Cybernetics, Information, and Control.- Information.- Levels of Information.- Classification of Input.-Expand
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