• Publications
  • Influence
Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems
All ecosystems are exposed to gradual changes in climate, nutrient loading, habitat fragmentation or biotic exploitation. Nature is usually assumed to respond to gradual change in a smooth way.Expand
  • 5,254
  • 273
  • PDF
Regime Shifts, Resilience, and Biodiversity in Ecosystem Management
▪ Abstract We review the evidence of regime shifts in terrestrial and aquatic environments in relation to resilience of complex adaptive ecosystems and the functional roles of biological diversity inExpand
  • 2,893
  • 163
  • PDF
The Anthropocene: From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship
The Anthropocene is a reminder that the Holocene, during which complex human societies have developed, has been a stable, accommodating environment and is the only state of the Earth System that we know for sure can support contemporary society. Expand
  • 952
  • 62
  • PDF
Regime Shifts in the Sahara and Sahel: Interactions between Ecological and Climatic Systems in Northern Africa
The Sahara and Sahel regions of northern Africa have complex environmental histories punctuated by sudden and dramatic “regime shifts” in climate and ecological conditions. Here we review the currentExpand
  • 249
  • 15
  • PDF
General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events
Resilience to specified kinds of disasters is an active area of research and practice. However, rare or unprecedented disturbances that are unusually intense or extensive require a moreExpand
  • 189
  • 14
  • PDF
Biomanipulation in shallow lakes in The Netherlands: an evaluation of 18 case studies
Eighteen shallow lakes in The Netherlands were subjected to biomanipulation, i.e. drastic reduction of the fish stock, for the purpose of lake restoration. The morphology and the nutrient level ofExpand
  • 59
  • 11
  • PDF
Major Depression as a Complex Dynamic System
In this paper, we characterize major depression (MD) as a complex dynamic system in which symptoms (e.g., insomnia and fatigue) are directly connected to one another in a network structure. WeExpand
  • 152
  • 9
  • PDF
The determination of ecological status in shallow lakes - a tested system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive
1. The European Water Framework Directive requires the determination of ecological status in European fresh and saline waters. This is to be through the establishment of a typology of surface waterExpand
  • 296
  • 9
  • PDF
Resilience: Accounting for the Noncomputable
Plans to solve complex environmental problems should always consider the role of surprise. Nevertheless, there is a tendency to emphasize known computable aspects of a problem while neglectingExpand
  • 108
  • 8
  • PDF