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Two analogs of azaspiracid isolated from mussels, Mytilus edulis, involved in human intoxication in Ireland.
Two new analogs of azaspiracid were isolated from mussels collected at Arranmore Island, Ireland in 1997 as additional causes of human intoxication by NMR and negative ion FAB CID MS/MS experiments.
Identification of putative palytoxin as the cause of clupeotoxism.
New saxitoxin analogues from the freshwater filamentous cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei.
Six new saxitoxin analogues were isolated from the freshwater mat-forming filamentous cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei collected from Guntersville Reservoir on the Tennessee River in Alabama, and five of the toxins contain an acetyl moiety attached to the side chain, which is the first report of these saxit toxin analogues.
Confirmation of yessotoxin and 45,46,47-trinoryessotoxin production by Protoceratium reticulatum collected in Japan.
The results indicate that the production of yessotoxins by P. reticulatum differs from strain to strain, in a similar way to that observed in many other toxigenic dinoflagellates such as Dinophysis spp.
Identification of Protoceratium reticulatum as the biogenetic origin of yessotoxin.
The result is the first to confirm toxigenicity of this species and demonstrate it as one of the biogenetic origins of YTX found in shellfish.
Yessotoxin in mussels of the northern Adriatic Sea.
First evidence of an extensive northern European distribution of azaspiracid poisoning (AZP) toxins in shellfish.