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Transmission Dynamics and Control of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a recently described illness of humans that has spread widely over the past 6 months. With the use of detailed epidemiologic data from Singapore andExpand
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Clarifying Adverse Drug Events: A Clinician's Guide to Terminology, Documentation, and Reporting
Since the early 1990s, adverse drug events have received significant attention from researchers in quality and patient safety (1). Nationally recognized quality experts have identified adverse drugExpand
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Effects of body size and body composition on survival in hemodialysis patients.
It is unclear whether increased muscle mass or body fat confer the survival advantage in hemodialysis patients with high body-mass index (BMI). Twenty-four-hour urinary creatinine (UCr) excretion wasExpand
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An epidemiological investigation of a sustained high rate of pediatric parapneumonic empyema: risk factors and microbiological associations.
We investigated the increasing incidence of pediatric empyema during the 1990s at Primary Children's Medical Center in Salt Lake City. Of 540 children hospitalized with community-acquired bacterialExpand
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Emergence of Antibiotic-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Comparison of Risks Associated with Different Antipseudomonal Agents
ABSTRACT Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a leading cause of nosocomial infections. The risk of emergence of antibiotic resistance may vary with different antibiotic treatments. To compare the risks ofExpand
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Epidemics of diarrhea caused by a clindamycin-resistant strain of Clostridium difficile in four hospitals.
BACKGROUND Large outbreaks of diarrhea caused by a newly recognized strain of Clostridium difficile occurred in four hospitals located in different parts of the United States between 1989 and 1992.Expand
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Effects of protease inhibitors on hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and lipodystrophy: a 5-year cohort study.
BACKGROUND Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related morbidity and mortality rates in patients with advanced HIV infection who are treated with combination antiretroviral drugs haveExpand
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Automatic de-identification of textual documents in the electronic health record: a review of recent research
BackgroundIn the United States, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) protects the confidentiality of patient data and requires the informed consent of the patient andExpand
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Hazard Ratio in Clinical Trials
Time-to-event curves analyzed by Cox proportional hazards regression are commonly used to describe the outcome of drug studies. This methodology has the advantage of using all available information,Expand
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Methodological principles of case-control studies that analyzed risk factors for antibiotic resistance: a systematic review.
Case-control studies that analyze the risk factors for antibiotic-resistant organisms have varied epidemiological methodologies, which may lead to biased estimates of antibiotic risk factors. AExpand
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