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Postcranial evidence from early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia.
TLDR
Newly excavated postcranial material from Dmanisi comprising a partial skeleton of an adolescent individual, associated with skull D2700/D2735, and the remains from three adult individuals shows that the postc Cranial anatomy of the D manisi hominins has a surprising mosaic of primitive and derived features. Expand
A Complete Skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the Evolutionary Biology of Early Homo
TLDR
The Dmanisi sample, which now comprises five crania, provides direct evidence for wide morphological variation within and among early Homo paleodemes, implying the existence of a single evolving lineage of early Homo, with phylogeographic continuity across continents. Expand
Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and recent population history of Native Americans
TLDR
The results suggest that there has been gene flow between some Native Americans from both North and South America and groups related to East Asians and Australo-Melanesians, the latter possibly through an East Asian route that might have included ancestors of modern Aleutian Islanders. Expand
Locomotor anatomy and biomechanics of the Dmanisi hominins.
TLDR
It is shown that the Dmanisi hind limb was functionally similar to modern humans, with a longitudinal plantar arch, increased limb length, and human-like ankle morphology, which is consistent with hypotheses linking hunting and scavenging to improved walking and running performance in early Homo. Expand
A fourth hominin skull from Dmanisi, Georgia.
TLDR
A fourth skull that is nearly complete, lacking all but one of its teeth at the time of death is described, arguing that the relatively small-brained and lightly built Dmanisi hominins may be ancestral to African and Far Eastern branches of H. erectus. Expand
A geometric morphometric analysis of heterochrony in the cranium of chimpanzees and bonobos.
TLDR
Analysis of the ontogeny of cranial shape in cross-sectional samples of bonobos and chimpanzees using both internal and external 3D landmarks digitized from CT scans indicates that the bonobo skull is paedomorphic relative to the chimpanzee for the first principal component of size-related shape variation. Expand
Neanderthal brain size at birth provides insights into the evolution of human life history
TLDR
Virtual reconstructions of a Neanderthal neonate from Mezmaiskaya Cave (Russia) and of two Neanderthal infant skeletons from Dederiyeh Cave (Syria) now provide new comparative insights: Neanderthal brain size at birth was similar to that in recent Homo sapiens and most likely subject to similar obstetric constraints. Expand
New Insights Into Mid‐Late Pleistocene Fossil Hominin Paranasal Sinus Morphology
TLDR
Results from a geometric morphometric analysis of the correlation between paranasal sinus and cranial dimensions show that the spandrel hypothesis cannot be refuted, and visualizing specific features of the paranasAL sinus system with methods of biomedical imaging and computer graphics reveals new aspects of patterns of growth and development of fossil hominins. Expand
Metopic suture of Taung (Australopithecus africanus) and its implications for hominin brain evolution
TLDR
The data indicate that hominin brain evolution occurred within a complex network of fetopelvic constraints, which required modification of frontal neurocranial ossification patterns. Expand
Computer‐assisted paleoanthropology
TLDR
A series of CT based studies has already yielded new insights into character differences between fossil hominid species, and these techniques offer noninvasive tools for visualization of inaccessible regions of the skeleton, computer‐assisted reconstruction of fragmentary fossil specimens, and morphometric or biomechanical analysis of data derived from CT images. Expand
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