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Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of
TLDR
A group of 13 strains isolated from samples of biofilm formation on the mural paintings of the Servilia tomb and the Saint-Catherine chapel were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study, including (GTG)5-PCR, 16S rDNA sequence analysis, DNA-DNA hybridizations, DNA base ratio determination and morphological and biochemical characterization.
Bacillus novalis sp. nov., Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A grasslands.
TLDR
A group of 42 isolates isolated from the soil of several disused hay fields in the Drentse A agricultural research area (The Netherlands) represents hitherto-uncultured Bacillus lineages that have previously been found, by a non-cultural method, to be predominant in soil.
Bacillus shackletonii sp. nov., from volcanic soil on Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago.
TLDR
A sample of mossy soil taken from the eastern lava flow of northern Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago, yielded six isolates of aerobic, endospore-forming bacteria that suggested that the strains represent a novel taxon.
Paenibacillus cineris sp. nov. and Paenibacillus cookii sp. nov., from Antarctic volcanic soils and a gelatin-processing plant.
TLDR
Seven strains of aerobic, endospore-forming bacteria were found in soil taken from an active fumarole on Lucifer Hill, Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago, Antarctica, and four strains were from soil of an inactive fumaroles at the foot of the hill, supporting the proposal of two novel species of Paenibacillus.
Polyphasic characterization of Bacillus coagulans strains, illustrating heterogeneity within this species, and emended description of the species.
TLDR
Although most techniques demonstrate appreciable heterogeneity among the Bacillus coagulans strains, the intraspecies groupings are not consistent throughout all the methods applied and are not supported by any economic, historic or practical traits.
Emended descriptions of Bacillus sporothermodurans and Bacillus oleronius with the inclusion of dairy farm isolates of both species.
TLDR
The phenotypic profiles of both species were rather heterogeneous, sometimes different from the original descriptions and did not differ in a large number of characteristics, although B. oleronius generally gave stronger reactions in its positive tests than did B. sporothermodurans; the variable and weak reactions for both organisms with some substrates blurred the distinction between the two.
Bacillus arenosi sp. nov., Bacillus arvi sp. nov. and Bacillus humi sp. nov., isolated from soil.
TLDR
The three groups of isolates isolated from soil of the Drentse A agricultural research area in The Netherlands represent novel species, for which the names Bacillus humi, Bacillus arenosi and Bacillus arvi are proposed, with LMG 22167T (=DSM 16318T) and L MG 22165T (= DSM 16317T) as the respective type strains.
Paenibacillus wynnii sp. nov., a novel species harbouring the nifH gene, isolated from Alexander Island, Antarctica.
TLDR
Soil taken from 12 different locations at Mars Oasis on Alexander Island, Antarctica, yielded unidentified isolates of endospore-forming bacteria that represented a novel taxon of Paenibacillus wynnii sp.
Paenibacillus lactis sp. nov., isolated from raw and heat-treated milk.
TLDR
Endospore-forming bacteria were recovered from individual packages from different processing lines in a dairy plant during a tenacious periodical contamination of their UHT-milk production, placing these isolates within the genus Paenibacillus, with PaenIBacillus lautus as the closest known relative.
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