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The outer surface proteins of Lyme disease borrelia spirochetes stimulate T cells to secrete interferon‐gamma (IFN‐γ): diagnostic and pathogenic implications
Late stages of borrelia Lyme disease infections may be difficult to diagnose because of unspecific symptoms and unreliable laboratory tests, being too unspecific or insensitive. The T cell immuneExpand
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Acute peripheral facial palsy: CSF findings and etiology
CSF and serum were examined in acute and convalescence phase from 56 patients with acute idiopathic peripheral facial palsy. CSF protein analysis, viral and borrelia serology were performed. BorreliaExpand
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Evaluation of Anti-hsp70 Antibody Screening in Sudden Deafness
Objective To assess the diagnostic utility of anti-hsp70 antibody screening in sudden deafness. Design Sera from 27 patients with sudden deafness and 100 healthy blood donors were analyzed by WesternExpand
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Long-term findings in patients with facial palsy and antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi.
Little is known about the long-term effects of Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) infection in untreated patients with peripheral facial palsy. We investigated 12 patients with elevated serum Bb antibodyExpand
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Acute "idiopathic" peripheral facial palsy: clinical, serological, and cerebrospinal fluid findings and effects of corticosteroids.
INTRODUCTION The causes for peripheral facial palsy remain obscure in many patients. Evidence exists suggesting viruses, especially those belonging to the herpesvirus group, may be causative. ThisExpand
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Hepatocyte growth factor levels in cerebrospinal fluid: a comparison between acute bacterial and nonbacterial meningitis.
The organotrophic functions of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) have been the subject of several studies. In the more recent studies, this function has been reported in the brain. In the presentExpand
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Antibodies and T-cell reactivity to Borrelia burgdorferi in an asymptomatic population: a study of healthy blood donors in an inland town district in the south-east of Sweden.
To address the issue of whether Borrelia infection can be asymptomatic, blood donors with no history of borreliosis (n = 408) were screened for antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi. SeropositiveExpand
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Borreliosis as a cause of sudden deafness and vestibular neuritis in Sweden.
Twenty-one patients with unilateral sudden deafness and 16 patients with vestibular neuritis, all with typical clinical history and findings, were investigated for a possible borrelia-cause. Only oneExpand
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Lower Values for Immunoglobulin M in Cerebrospinal Fluid When Sampled with an Atraumatic Sprotte Needle Compared with Conventional Lumbar Puncture
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) has a very low concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compared with serum, and therefore determinations of IgM in CSF are highly sensitive to pre-analytical errors causedExpand
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[Diagnosis of Ramsey Hunt syndrome is both simple and difficult. The viral attack is more extensive than expected earlier].
In Ramsay Hunt's syndrome (herpes zoster of the head and neck in combination with facial palsy), the vesicles often appear on the external ear (herpes zoster oticus) but they can also be found on theExpand
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