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Oxytocin Modulates Amygdala, Insula, and Inferior Frontal Gyrus Responses to Infant Crying: A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
The findings suggest that oxytocin promotes responsiveness to infant crying by reducing activation in the neural circuitry for anxiety and aversion and increasing activation in regions involved in empathy. Expand
Does intranasal oxytocin promote prosocial behavior to an excluded fellow player? A randomized-controlled trial with Cyberball
TLDR
The findings indicate that the positive effects of oxytocin on prosocial behavior toward a victim of social exclusion are limited to individuals with supportive family backgrounds. Expand
Attachment in the brain: adult attachment representations predict amygdala and behavioral responses to infant crying
TLDR
Amygdala hyperactivity might be one of the mechanisms underlying the experience of negative emotions during exposure to infant crying in insecure individuals and might explain why insecure parents respond inconsistently to infant signals or reject their infants' attachment behavior. Expand
Oxytocin effects on complex brain networks are moderated by experiences of maternal love withdrawal
TLDR
It is speculated that oxytocin enhances prosocial behavior by influencing complex brain networks involved in self-referential processing and affectionate touch, most prominently in individuals with supportive family backgrounds. Expand
No Laughing Matter: Intranasal Oxytocin Administration Changes Functional Brain Connectivity during Exposure to Infant Laughter
Correction to: Neuropsychopharmacology (2012) 37, 1257–1266; doi:10.1038/npp.2011.313; published online 21 December 2011 To administer oxytocin or placebo the original drug Syntocin and the sodiumExpand
Oxytocin decreases handgrip force in reaction to infant crying in females without harsh parenting experiences.
TLDR
Oxytocin administration may increase trust and cooperation in individuals with supportive backgrounds, but not generate this effect in individuals who as a consequence of unfavorable early caregiving experiences may have a bias toward negative interpretation of social cues. Expand
Beating the brain about abuse: Empirical and meta-analytic studies of the association between maltreatment and hippocampal volume across childhood and adolescence
TLDR
The results of the meta-analysis confirmed that experiences of childhood malt treatment are associated with a reduction in hippocampal volume and that the effects of maltreatment are more pronounced when the maltreatment occurs in middle childhood compared to early childhood or adolescence. Expand
Intranasal administration of oxytocin modulates behavioral and amygdala responses to infant crying in females with insecure attachment representations
TLDR
It is indicated that insecure individuals, who show emotional, behavioral, and neural hyperreactivity to crying, benefit the most from intranasal oxytocin. Expand
No Laughing Matter: Intranasal Oxytocin Administration Changes Functional Brain Connectivity during Exposure to Infant Laughter
TLDR
Elevated oxytocin levels reduced activation in the amygdala during infant laughter and enhanced functional connectivity between the amygdala and the orbitofrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate, the hippocampus, the precuneus, the supramarginal gyri, and the middle temporal gyrus. Expand
Oxytocin receptor gene and depressive symptoms associated with physiological reactivity to infant crying.
TLDR
This is the first study to suggest effects of OXTR genotype on physiological reactivity to infant crying, and depressive symptoms may however suppress the effect of the OX TR GG genotype. Expand
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