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Requirement of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in recovery from DNA damage in mice and in cells.
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase [PARP; NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase; NAD+: poly(adenosine-diphosphate-D-ribosyl)-acceptor ADP-D-ribosyltransferase, EC 2.4.2.30] is a zinc-finger DNA-binding protein thatExpand
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Functional interaction between PARP‐1 and PARP‐2 in chromosome stability and embryonic development in mouse
The DNA damage‐dependent poly(ADP‐ribose) polymerases, PARP‐1 and PARP‐2, homo‐ and heterodimerize and are both involved in the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Here, we report that mice carryingExpand
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Targeting Assay To Study the cis Functions of Human Telomeric Proteins: Evidence for Inhibition of Telomerase by TRF1 and for Activation of Telomere Degradation by TRF2
ABSTRACT We investigated the control of telomere length by the human telomeric proteins TRF1 and TRF2. To this end, we established telomerase-positive cell lines in which the targeting of theseExpand
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Alterations of DNA methylation patterns in germ cells and Sertoli cells from developing mouse testis
In situ alterations of DNA methylation were studied between 14 d postcoitum and 4 d postpartum in Sertoli cells and germ cells from mouse testis, using anti-5-methylcytosine antibodies. Compared toExpand
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Human chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells can escape DNA damage-induced apoptosis through the nonhomologous end-joining DNA repair pathway.
Nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) DNA factors maintain genomic stability through their DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and telomere-associated activities. Unrepaired or misrepaired DSBs can leadExpand
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  • Open Access
The Loss of a Single Telomere Can Result in Instability of Multiple Chromosomes in a Human Tumor Cell Line
Spontaneous telomere loss has been proposed as an important mechanism for initiating the chromosome instability commonly found in cancer cells. We have previously shown that spontaneous telomere lossExpand
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Chromosome Instability as a Result of Double-Strand Breaks near Telomeres in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells
ABSTRACT Telomeres are essential for protecting the ends of chromosomes and preventing chromosome fusion. Telomere loss has been proposed to play an important role in the chromosomal rearrangementsExpand
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Lead Exposure Induces Telomere Instability in Human Cells
Lead (Pb) is an important environmental contaminant due to its widespread use over many centuries. While it affects primarily every organ system of the body, the most pernicious effects of Pb are onExpand
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Acquired chromosome rearrangements in human lymphocytes: effect of aging
SummaryA prospective study of structural rearrangements occurring in normal lymphocytes was carried out. For each of two newborns and four young and two old adults, about 1000 metaphases from 72-hExpand
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Distance between homologous chromosomes results from chromosome positioning constraints
The organization of chromosomes is important for various biological processes and is involved in the formation of rearrangements often observed in cancer. In mammals, chromosomes are organized inExpand
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  • Open Access