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Most of our knowledge of biodiversity and its causes in the deep-sea benthos derives from regional-scale sampling studies of the macrofauna. Improved sampling methods and the expansion ofExpand
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Deep-Sea Biodiversity: Pattern and Scale
Frigid, dark, and energy-deprived, the deep sea was long considered hostile to life. However, new sampling technologies and intense international research efforts in recent decades have revealed aExpand
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Global bathymetric patterns of standing stock and body size in the deep-sea benthos
We present the first global-scale analy- sis of standing stock (abundance and biomass) for 4 major size classes of deep-sea biota: bacteria, meta- zoan meiofauna, macrofauna and megafauna. TheExpand
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Community Structure in the Deep-Sea Benthos
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Global-scale latitudinal patterns of species diversity in the deep-sea benthos
LATITUDINAL gradients of species diversity are ubiquitous features of terrestrial and coastal marine biotas, and they have inspired the development of theoretical ecology1–3. Since the discovery ofExpand
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Universal cytochrome b primers facilitate intraspecific studies in molluscan taxa.
We describe the construction of amplification primers designed to target a portion of the mitochondrial cytochrome b locus in a variety of molluscan taxa. Combinations of two sets of primersExpand
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Global Patterns and Predictions of Seafloor Biomass Using Random Forests
A comprehensive seafloor biomass and abundance database has been constructed from 24 oceanographic institutions worldwide within the Census of Marine Life (CoML) field projects. The machine-learningExpand
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A Source‐Sink Hypothesis for Abyssal Biodiversity
Bathymetric gradients of biodiversity in the deep‐sea benthos constitute a major class of large‐scale biogeographic phenomena. They are typically portrayed and interpreted as variation in α diversityExpand
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Energetics of life on the deep seafloor
With frigid temperatures and virtually no in situ productivity, the deep oceans, Earth’s largest ecosystem, are especially energy-deprived systems. Our knowledge of the effects of this energyExpand
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