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Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans
TLDR
The findings reveal that western Eurasian genetic signatures in modern-day Native Americans derive not only from post-Columbian admixture, as commonly thought, but also from a mixed ancestry of the First Americans. Expand
Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo
TLDR
This genome sequence of an ancient human obtained from ∼4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair provides evidence for a migration from Siberia into the New World some 5,500 years ago, independent of that giving rise to the modern Native Americans and Inuit. Expand
Origins and Genetic Legacy of Neolithic Farmers and Hunter-Gatherers in Europe
TLDR
The results suggest that migration from southern Europe catalyzed the spread of agriculture and that admixture in the wake of this expansion eventually shaped the genomic landscape of modern-day Europe. Expand
Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and recent population history of Native Americans
TLDR
The results suggest that there has been gene flow between some Native Americans from both North and South America and groups related to East Asians and Australo-Melanesians, the latter possibly through an East Asian route that might have included ancestors of modern Aleutian Islanders. Expand
Recalibrating Equus evolution using the genome sequence of an early Middle Pleistocene horse
TLDR
Thealyses suggest that the Equus lineage giving rise to all contemporary horses, zebras and donkeys originated 4.0–4.5 million years before present, twice the conventionally accepted time to the most recent common ancestor of the genus Equus, and supports the contention that Przewalski's horses represent the last surviving wild horse population. Expand
Genomic Diversity and Admixture Differs for Stone-Age Scandinavian Foragers and Farmers
Hunters and Farmers The Neolithic period in Europe saw the transition from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to farming. Previous genetic analyses have suggested that hunter-gatherers were replaced byExpand
Clovis Age Western Stemmed Projectile Points and Human Coprolites at the Paisley Caves
TLDR
The Paisley Caves in Oregon record the oldest directly dated human remains (DNA) in the Western Hemisphere and “Blind testing” analysis of coprolites by an independent laboratory confirms the presence of human DNA in specimens of pre-Clovis age. Expand
The genetic prehistory of the New World Arctic
TLDR
The long-term genetic continuity of the Paleo-Eskimos gene pool and lack of evidence of Native American admixture suggest that the Saqqaq and Dorset people were largely living in genetic isolation after entering the New World. Expand
Mitochondrial Phylogenomics of Modern and Ancient Equids
TLDR
Bayesian and Maximum Likelihood phylogenetic inference confirms that zebras are monophyletic within the genus Equus, and the Plains and Grevy’sZebras form a well-supported monophyletsic group, and additional mitochondrial genome sequence data is required before revisiting the exact timing of the lineage radiation leading up to modern equids. Expand
True single-molecule DNA sequencing of a pleistocene horse bone.
TLDR
The first "true single molecule sequencing" of ancient DNA is reported, suggesting that paleogenomes could be sequenced in an unprecedented manner by combining current second- and third-generation sequencing approaches. Expand
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