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Phase Shifts, Herbivory, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs to Climate Change
Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
The distinctive geographic footprints of recurrent bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef in 1998, 2002 and 2016 were determined by the spatial pattern of sea temperatures in each year, suggesting that local protection of reefs affords little or no resistance to extreme heat.
Ocean acidification impairs olfactory discrimination and homing ability of a marine fish
- P. Munday, D. Dixson, K. Døving
- Environmental Science, BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 10 February 2009
If acidification continues unabated, the impairment of sensory ability will reduce population sustainability of many marine species, with potentially profound consequences for marine diversity.
Patterns of recruitment and abundance of corals along the Great Barrier Reef
Different physical and biological processes prevail at different scales. As a consequence, small-scale experiments or local observations provide limited insights into regional or global phenomena.…
Supply-side ecology works both ways: The link between benthic adults, fecundity, and larval recruits
It is predicted that large-scale patterns of recruitment could be driven by changes in the abundance of adults and/or their fecundity, i.e., that corals exhibit a stock-recruitment relationship, and implies that small, sublethal changes in fecundities of corals could result in major reductions in recruitment.
Global warming transforms coral reef assemblages
This study bridges the gap between the theory and practice of assessing the risk of ecosystem collapse, under the emerging framework for the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Ecosystems, by rigorously defining both the initial and collapsed states, identifying the major driver of change, and establishing quantitative collapse thresholds.
Effects of climate-induced coral bleaching on coral-reef fishes - ecological and economic consequences
Urgent action on the fundamental causes of climate change and appropriate management of critical elements of habitat structure (coral cover and topographic complexity) are key to ensuring long-term persistence of coral-reef fishes.
Spatial and temporal patterns of mass bleaching of corals in the Anthropocene
Coral reefs in the present day have less time than in earlier periods to recover from bleaching events, and Tropical reef systems are transitioning to a new era in which the interval between recurrent bouts of coral bleaching is too short for a full recovery of mature assemblages.
Multiple disturbances and the global degradation of coral reefs: are reef fishes at risk or resilient?
The diversity of fish communities was found to be negatively and linearly correlated to disturbance-mediated coral loss, and the long-term consequences of coral loss through coral bleaching and crown-of-thorn starfish outbreaks may be much more substantial than the short-term effects currently documented.
Climate change and the future for coral reef fishes
Climate change will impact coral-reef fishes through effects on individual performance, trophic linkages, recruitment dynamics, population connectivity and other ecosystem processes. The most…