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Orienting of Attention*
- M. Posner
- Psychology, MedicineThe Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
- 1 February 1980
This paper explores one aspect of cognition through the use of a simple model task in which human subjects are asked to commit attention to a position in visual space other than fixation by orienting a covert mechanism that seems sufficiently time locked to external events that its trajectory can be traced across the visual field in terms of momentary changes in the efficiency of detecting stimuli.
Testing the Efficiency and Independence of Attentional Networks
- J. Fan, Bruce D. McCandliss, T. Sommer, A. Raz, M. Posner
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
- 1 April 2002
A study with 40 normal adult subjects indicates that the ANT produces reliable single subject estimates of alerting, orienting, and executive function, and further suggests that the efficiencies of these three networks are uncorrelated.
Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex
The attention system of the human brain.
Illustration de trois fonctions principales qui sont predominantes dans l'etude de l'intervention de l'attention dans les processus cognitifs: 1) orientation vers des evenements sensoriels; 2)…
Attention and the detection of signals.
- M. Posner, C. R. Snyder, B. J. Davidson
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of experimental psychology
- 1 June 1980
These results appear to provide an important model system for the study of the relationship between attention and the structure of the visual system, and it is found that attention shifts are not closely related to the saccadic eye movement system.
The Brain and Emotion
- M. Posner
- PsychologyNature Medicine
- 1 June 1999
In 1938, B. F. Skinner proposed that all of behavior reflects reaction to rewards and punishments (reinforcers) provided by the environment. He believed that the voluntary behavior of organisms is…
The attention system of the human brain: 20 years after.
The framework presented in the original article has helped to integrate behavioral, systems, cellular, and molecular approaches to common problems in attention research and has led to increased understanding of aspects of pathology and to some new interventions.
Development of attentional networks in childhood
Localization of a Neural System for Error Detection and Compensation
Gehring, Goss, Coles, Meyer, and Donchin (1993) have reported electrophysiological evidence for a brain mechanism dedicated to monitoring performance and compensating for errors (see also…