Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication
It is shown that dog breeds share a higher proportion of multi-locus haplotypes unique to grey wolves from the Middle East, indicating that they are a dominant source of genetic diversity for dogs rather than wolves from east Asia, as suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canids.
It is found that these enigmatic canids are highly admixed varieties derived from gray wolves and coyotes, respectively, and divergent genomic history suggests that they do not have a shared recent ancestry as proposed by previous researchers.
Ecological factors influence population genetic structure of European grey wolves
It is shown that wolf populations in Eastern Europe displayed nonrandom spatial genetic structure in the absence of obvious physical barriers to movement, and it is found that the genetic differentiation among local populations was correlated with climate, habitat types, and wolf diet composition.
Phylogeographic history of grey wolves in Europe
It is found that haplotypes representing two haplogroups, 1 and 2, overlap geographically, but substantially differ in frequency between populations from south-western and eastern Europe, and suggests that these haplogroup frequency changes may suggest that they were associated with ecological changes occurring after the Last Glacial Maximum.
Sudden expansion of a single brown bear maternal lineage across northern continental Eurasia after the last ice age: a general demographic model for mammals?
The brown bear has proved a useful model for studying Late Quaternary mammalian phylogeography. However, information is lacking from northern continental Eurasia, which constitutes a large part of…
Social cohesion among kin, gene flow without dispersal and the evolution of population genetic structure in the killer whale (Orcinus orca)
These results show how the killer whale breeding system, coupled with social, dispersal and foraging behaviour, contributes to the evolution of population genetic structure.
Killer Whale Nuclear Genome and mtDNA Reveal Widespread Population Bottleneck during the Last Glacial Maximum
- A. Moura, Charlene Janse van Rensburg, A. R. Hoelzel
- Environmental ScienceMolecular biology and evolution
- 4 February 2014
It is concluded that environmental changes during the last glacial period promoted the decline of a top ocean predator, that these events contributed to the pattern of diversity among extant populations, and that the relatively high diversity of a population currently in productive, stable habitat off South Africa suggests a role for ocean productivity in the widespread decline.
A method of genetic identification of pine marten (Martes martes) and stone marten (Martes foina) and its application to faecal samples
A genetic method that allows for distinguishing non-invasively collected samples (faeces or remotely plucked hair) derived from pine martens or stone martens and proposes combining the use of the locus Ma18 with the second one described in the literature as having the same properties.
Diet of sympatric pine marten (Martes martes) and stone marten (Martes foina) identified by genotyping of DNA from faeces
Although both martens exploited the same forest habitat, genetic identification of faeces allowed us to indicate significant differences in the diet of these closely related species.
Concordant mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA structuring between Polish lowland and Carpathian Mountain wolves
- Sylwia D. Czarnomska, B. Jędrzejewska, W. Jędrzejewski
- Environmental ScienceConservation Genetics
- 17 January 2013
Significant genetic structure and high levels of differentiation between wolves in the Carpathian Mountains and the Polish lowlands are found and moderate genetic differentiation between certain northeastern lowland regions are observed.