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Relaxed Phylogenetics and Dating with Confidence
TLDR
This work describes how it can be used to estimate phylogenies and divergence times in the face of uncertainty in evolutionary rates and calibration times and provides a means for measuring the clocklikeness of datasets and comparing this measure between different genes and phylogenies. Expand
Time dependency of molecular rate estimates and systematic overestimation of recent divergence times.
TLDR
It is invalid to extrapolate molecular rates of change across different evolutionary timescales, which has important consequences for studies of populations, domestication, conservation genetics, and human evolution. Expand
Accounting for calibration uncertainty in phylogenetic estimation of evolutionary divergence times.
TLDR
The estimation of phylogenetic divergence times from sequence data is an important component of many molecular evolutionary studies, and a variety of local- and relaxed-clock methods have been proposed and implemented. Expand
Time‐dependent rates of molecular evolution
TLDR
An overview of the current understanding of time-dependent rates in animals, bacteria and viruses is presented and the challenges in calibrating estimates of molecular rates are described, particularly on the intermediate timescales that are critical for an accurate characterization of time‐dependent rates. Expand
The root of the mammalian tree inferred from whole mitochondrial genomes.
TLDR
It is reported that recoding nucleotides to RY-characters, and partitioning maximum-likelihood analyses among subsets of data reduces such biases, and improves the fit of models to the data, respectively. Expand
Genome-scale phylogeny and the detection of systematic biases.
TLDR
A compositional bias is identified as responsible for this inconsistency and it is reduced effectively by coding the nucleotides as purines and pyrimidines (RY-coding), reinforcing the original tree. Expand
Tinamous and moa flock together: mitochondrial genome sequence analysis reveals independent losses of flight among ratites.
TLDR
It is inferred that flight to have been lost among ratites multiple times in temporally close association with the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event, circumvents requirements for transient microcontinents and island chains to explain discordance between ratite phylogeny and patterns of continental breakup. Expand
Dating of divergences within the Rattus genus phylogeny using whole mitochondrial genomes.
TLDR
Six new whole mitochondrial genomes from wild-caught specimens from four species of Rattus, placing the deepest divergence within Rattus at approximately 3.5 million years ago, give both a better resolved species divergence order and diversification dates inside Rattus than previous studies. Expand
The evolutionary history of the extinct ratite moa and New Zealand Neogene paleogeography
TLDR
This work synthesizes mitochondrial phylogenetic information from 263 subfossil moa specimens from across NZ with morphological, ecological, and new geological data to create the first comprehensive phylogeny, taxonomy, and evolutionary timeframe for all of the species of an extinct order. Expand
Evidence for time dependency of molecular rate estimates.
TLDR
There has been mounting evidence that instantaneous mutation rates substantially exceed substitution rates, in a range of organisms (e.g., Denver et al., 2000; Howell et al. 2003; Howell and Holmes, 2001; Lambert and Lambert, 2002; Mao and Mao, 2006; Mumm and Parsons, 1997; Parsons et al.'s 1997; Santos et al, 2005). Expand
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