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Euclid Definition Study Report
Euclid is a space-based survey mission from the European Space Agency designed to understand the origin of the Universe's accelerating expansion. It will use cosmological probes to investigate the
Discovery of Young, Isolated Planetary Mass Objects in the σ Orionis Star Cluster
We present the discovery by optical and near-infrared imaging of an extremely red, low-luminosity population of isolated objects in the young, nearby stellar cluster around the multiple, massive star
The Substellar Mass Function in σ Orionis
We combine results from imaging searches for substellar objects in the σ Orionis cluster and follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations to derive a census of the brown dwarf population in a
Space Velocities of L- and T-type Dwarfs
We have obtained radial velocities of a sample of 18 ultracool dwarfs (M6.5-T8) using high-resolution, near-infrared spectra obtained with NIRSPEC and the Keck II telescope. We have confirmed that
Eclipses by circumstellar material in the T Tauri star AA Tau II. Evidence for non-stationary magnetospheric accretion ?
We report the results of a synoptic study of the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the classical T Tauri star AA Tau on timescales ranging from a few hours to several weeks. The AA Tau
Dynamical Masses of the Binary Brown Dwarf GJ 569 Bab
We have obtained new images and high-resolution (R ~ 22,400) near-infrared (1.2400-1.2575 μm) spectra of each component of the brown dwarf binary GJ 569 Bab using the adaptive optics facility of the
Glancing views of the Earth. From a lunar eclipse to an exoplanetary transit
It has been posited that lunar eclipse observations may help predict the in-transit signature of Earth-like extrasolar planets. However, a comparative analysis of the two phenomena addressing in
Spectroscopic Rotational Velocities of Brown Dwarfs
We have obtained projected rotation velocities (vrot sin i) of a sample of 19 ultracool dwarfs with spectral types in the interval M6.5-T8 using high-resolution, near-infrared spectra obtained with
The substellar mass function in σ Orionis II. Optical, near-infrared and IRAC/Spitzer photometry of young cluster brown dwarfs and planetary-mass objects ,
Aims. We investigate the mass function in the substellar domain down to a few Jupiter masses in the young σ Orionis open cluster (3 ± 2M a,d = 360 +70 −60 pc). Methods. We have performed a deep
A Methane isolated planetary mass object in orion
We report on the discovery of a free-floating methane dwarf toward the direction of the young star cluster σ Ori. Based on the object's far-red, optical, and near-infrared photometry and