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On the social psychology of the psychological experiment: With particular reference to demand characteristics and their implications.
It is to the highest degree probable that the subjectl's] . . . general attitude of mind is that of ready complacency and cheerful willingness to assist the investigator in every possible way byExpand
The nature of hypnosis: artifact and essence.
  • M. Orne
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1 May 1959
Temporal placement of a nap for alertness: contributions of circadian phase and prior wakefulness.
TLDR
Between-groups study with 41 healthy, young adults permitted a 2-h nap at one of five times during a 56-h period otherwise devoid of sleep found that napping prior to a night of sleep loss is more important for meeting subsequent performance demands than is the circadian placement of the nap. Expand
Leukocytosis and natural killer cell function parallel neurobehavioral fatigue induced by 64 hours of sleep deprivation.
TLDR
The physiologic leukocytosis and NK activity increases during deprivation were eliminated by recovery sleep in a manner parallel to neurobehavioral function, suggesting that the immune alterations may be associated with biological pressure for sleep. Expand
Home management of sickle cell-related pain in children and adolescents: natural history and impact on school attendance
TLDR
A home‐based diary system was developed for children and adolescents with sickle cell disease to gain information about the natural history of the pain and its impact on sleep and school attendance, and age was positively correlated with the length of the painful episodes. Expand
Assessing performance upon abrupt awakening from naps during quasi-continuous operations
Quasi-continuous work settings often involve sleep loss and requirements to perform at unpredictable times. Napping may alleviate some of the sleep-loss problems, but it increases the risk that theExpand
Psychosocial and Immune Effects of Self-Hypnosis Training for Stress Management Throughout the First Semester of Medical School
TLDR
It was concluded that stress associated with academic demands affects immune function, but immune suppression is not inevitable, and practice of self-hypnosis reduces distress, without differential immune effects, but individual responses to the self- Hypnosis intervention appear to predict immune outcomes. Expand
The Nature of Hypnotic Analgesia and Placebo Response to Experimental Pain
TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that there are two components involved in hypnotic analgesia: one component can be accounted for by the nonspecific or placebo effects of using hypnosis as a method of treatment; the other may be conceptualized as a distortion of perception specifically induced during deep hypnosis. Expand
Self-hypnosis training as an adjunctive treatment in the management of pain associated with sickle cell disease.
TLDR
The program clearly demonstrates that an adjunctive behavioral treatment for sickle cell pain, involving patient self-management and regular contact with a medical self-hypnosis team, can be beneficial in reducing recurrent, unpredictable episodes of pain in a patient population for whom few safe, cost-effective medical alternatives exist. Expand
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