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Appreciation as Audience Response: Exploring Entertainment Gratifications beyond Hedonism.
This article elaborates upon the notion of media enjoyment in the context of film viewing by proposing a complementary type of gratification that we conceptualize as appreciation. Three studies were
Entertainment as Pleasurable and Meaningful: Identifying Hedonic and Eudaimonic Motivations for Entertainment Consumption
The purpose of this research is to broaden the conceptualization of entertainment selection to identify not only pleasure-seeking (hedonic concerns) as a motivator, but to also recognize that
Gender differences in sexuality: a meta-analysis.
This meta-analysis surveyed 177 usable sources that reported data on gender differences on 21 different measures of sexual attitudes and behaviors and found that gender differences narrowed from the 1960s to the 1980s for many variables.
Exploring the Paradox of the Enjoyment of Sad Films
The concept of met emotions (appraisals of emotional reactions) was used in three studies designed to explore the enjoyment of sad films and to develop a scale that would reflect such gratifications.
Tender Affective States as Predictors of Entertainment Preference
Four studies were conducted to explore how tender affective states (e.g., warmth, sympathy, understanding) predict attraction to entertainment that features poignant, dramatic, or tragic portrayals.
The Effect of Narrative News Format on Empathy for Stigmatized Groups
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which news story format (narrative vs. non-narrative) can initiate empathic processes that produce more favorable evaluations of
Elevation in Response to Entertainment Portrayals of Moral Virtue
Media psychologists have long puzzled over how individuals can experience enjoyment from entertainment such as tragedies that often elicit profound feelings of sadness. The present research examines
The Sage handbook of media processes and effects
This chapter discusses conceptual and methodological issues in media effects research, as well as uses and gratifications : an evolving perspective of media effects.
African American men as “criminal and dangerous”: Implications of media portrayals of crime on the “criminalization” of African American men
Tragic police shootings of innocent individuals assumed to be dangerous or criminal happen at an alarming rate, with several notable instances occurring in the last several years (Dvorak, 2001;
Portrayals of crime, race, and aggression in “reality‐based” police shows: A content analysis
A content analysis of “reality‐based” police shows (e.g., Cops.) was conducted to explore portrayals of crime, race, and aggression. Violent crime was overrepresented in the programs as was the