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Cladistics Is Useful for Reconstructing Archaeological Phylogenies: Palaeoindian Points from the Southeastern United States
Cladistics, a method used to create a nested series of taxa based on homologous characters shared only by two or more taxa and their immediate common ancestor, offers a means of reconstructingExpand
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Applying Evolutionary Archaeology: A Systematic Approach
Preface. Acknowledgments. Figures. Tables. 1. Darwinian Theory and Archaeology. 2. Two Kinds of Science: Essentialism and Materialism. 3. The Materialist Paradox in Archaeology. 4. The Place ofExpand
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The Cultural Transmission of Great Basin Projectile-Point Technology I: An Experimental Simulation
A Darwinian evolutionary approach to archaeology naturally leads to a focus on cultural transmission. Theoretical models of cultural evolution indicate that individual-level details of culturalExpand
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Cladistics and archaeology
Cladistics is a method used in biology and paleobiology to establish phylogeny: what produced what and in what order. It is a very specific method, developed in Germany in the 1950s and currently theExpand
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The Role of Adaptation in Archaeological Explanation
Adaptation, a venerable icon in archaeology, often is afforded the vacuous role of being an ex-post-facto argument used to "explain " the appearance and persistence of traits among prehistoricExpand
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Adult Learners in a Novel Environment Use Prestige-Biased Social Learning
Social learning (learning from others) is evolutionarily adaptive under a wide range of conditions and is a long-standing area of interest across the social and biological sciences. OneExpand
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Test, Model, and Method Validation: The Role of Experimental Stone Artifact Replication in Hypothesis-driven Archaeology
For many years, intuition and common sense often guided the transference of patterning ostensibly evident in experimental flintknapping results to interpretations of the archaeological record, withExpand
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Parasites, Porotic Hyperostosis, and the Implications of Changing Perspectives
Cribra orbitalia and porotic hyperostosis traditionally have been viewed (at least by archaeologists) as indicators of chronic iron deficiency anemia resulting from a dependency upon maize. RecentExpand
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Innovation in cultural systems : contributions from evolutionary anthropology
In recent years an interest in applying the principles of evolution to the study of culture emerged in the social sciences. Archaeologists and anthropologists reconsidered the role of innovation inExpand
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The Goals of Evolutionary Archaeology
In recent critiques of evolutionary archaeology, Boone and Smith (1998) have expressed a preference for evolutionary ecology, Spencer (1997) for processual archaeology, and Schiffer (1996) forExpand
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