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Old-Growth Temperate Rainforests of South America: Conservation, Plant-Animal Interactions, and Baseline Biogeochemical Processes
A structural and compositional definition of old-growth forest is presented, which places emphasis on the lack of recurrent human impact, the presence of a shade-tolerant canopy with emergentExpand
Relict islands of the temperate rainforest tree Aextoxicon punctatum (Aextoxicaceae) in semi-arid Chile : genetic diversity and biogeographic history
Positive correlations between genetic and geographic distances were found for TCR but not for TAF populations, suggesting earlier postglacial population expansion southwards along the TCR and more recent eastward migration from coastal locations to TAF during the Holocene. Expand
Patterns of genetic variation in tree species and their implications for conservation.
Increasing concern surrounding the loss of natural forests and the decline in biodiversity has lead to a rise in research and policy initiatives in recent years. However, interest has focusedExpand
Carbon fluxes from a temperate rainforest site in southern South America reveal a very sensitive sink
This work was supported by FONDEQUIP AIC-37, Iniciativa Cientifica Milenio grant P05-002 and CONI-CYT grant PFB-23 to the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity-Chile (IEB), FONDECYT grant 1130935 toExpand
A framework for the classification Chilean terrestrial ecosystems as a tool for achieving global conservation targets
Countries that are signatories of the Convention of Biological Diversity are committed to the goal of protecting 17% of their natural ecosystems by 2020. The lack of an up-to-date, operationalExpand
Towards an ecological restoration network: reversing land degradation in Latin America
Latin America (including Mexico and Central and South America) hosts a substantial proportion of global biodiversity, but suffers from increasing rates of deforestation, land degradation, and drylandExpand
Decomposing recruitment limitation for an avian‐dispersed rain forest tree in an anciently fragmented landscape
Evidence is provided for source, dispersal and establishment limitation of this dioecious tree in an aridity-driven fragmented landscape and although bird-mediated seed dispersal favoured immigration between patches, recruitment from such seeds will be unlikely because of low quality of deposition sites. Expand
Microsatellite markers for the relict tree Aextoxicon punctatum: the only species in the Chilean endemic family Aextoxicaceae.
These polymorphic microsatellites will be useful in assessing the genetic structure and conservation status of Aextoxicon throughout its historically fragmented geographic range. Expand
Fire disturbance regimes, ecosystem recovery and restoration strategies in mediterranean and temperate regions of Chile
We provide an overview of the major causes and historical recurrence times of fire disturbance, both natural and anthropogenic, in Mediterranean-type vegetation and temperate forests of Chile (33-42oExpand