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Description of Christensenella minuta gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from human faeces, which forms a distinct branch in the order Clostridiales, and proposal of Christensenellaceae fam. nov.
TLDR
Strain YIT 12065(T) was saccharolytic and negative for catalase, oxidase and urease, hydrolysis of aesculin and gelatin, nitrate reduction and indole production, and formed a novel family-level lineage within the phylum Firmicutes, class Clostridia, order Clostridgeiales.
Altered gut flora and environment in patients with severe SIRS.
TLDR
It is confirmed that patients with severe SIRS had significantly lower total anaerobic bacterial counts and 2 log higher "pathogenic" Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas group counts than those of healthy volunteers.
Intestinal microflora are necessary for development of spontaneous adenocarcinoma of the large intestine in T-cell receptor beta chain and p53 double-knockout mice.
TLDR
The usefulness of the TCRbeta-/- p53-/- mouse as a colon cancer animal model that develops spontaneous adenocarcinoma of the colon early in life is indicated, and it is suggested that intestinal microflora play a major role in the development of adenOCarcinomas of the Colon in this animal model.
Lactobacillus equi sp. nov., a predominant intestinal Lactobacillus species of the horse isolated from faeces of healthy horses.
TLDR
Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of representative strain YIT 0455T revealed that the new isolates represent a new Lactobacillus species, for which the name LactOBacillus equi is proposed.
Effects of Administration of TOS and Bifidobacterium breve 4006 on the Human Fecal Flora
TLDR
It is concluded that TOS, a new growth factor derived from lactose for Bifidobacterium, is a typical bifidus factor.
Characterization of Phascolarctobacterium succinatutens sp. nov., an Asaccharolytic, Succinate-Utilizing Bacterium Isolated from Human Feces
TLDR
The results indicate that YIT 12067T-like bacteria are distributed broadly in the GI tract as subdominant members that may adapt to the intestinal environment by specializing to utilize the succinate generated by other bacterial species.
Paraprevotella clara gen. nov., sp. nov. and Paraprevotella xylaniphila sp. nov., members of the family 'Prevotellaceae' isolated from human faeces.
TLDR
A comparative sequence analysis revealed that these two species are members of the family 'Prevotellaceae' but are phylogenetically distant from the known genera belonging to this family, including Prevotella, Hallela and Xylanibacter.
Alistipes indistinctus sp. nov. and Odoribacter laneus sp. nov., common members of the human intestinal microbiota isolated from faeces.
TLDR
Phylogenetic analysis and biochemical data supported the affiliation of strain YIT 12060(T) to the genus Alistipes of the family 'Rikenellaceae', which represents a novel species of the genusAlistipes for which the name Alistiped indistinctus sp.
Enhancement of natural killer cytotoxicity delayed murine carcinogenesis by a probiotic microorganism.
TLDR
It is suggested that enhancement of the cytotoxicity of NK cells by LcS delays tumor onset and reduces tumor incidence in the results with C3H/HeN mice.
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