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Model of autism: increased ratio of excitation/inhibition in key neural systems
Autism is a severe neurobehavioral syndrome, arising largely as an inherited disorder, which can arise from several diseases. Despite recent advances in identifying some genes that can cause autism,Expand
Cortical plasticity: from synapses to maps.
It has been clear for almost two decades that cortical representations in adult animals are not fixed entities, but rather, are dynamic and are continuously modified by experience. The cortex canExpand
Language Comprehension in Language-Learning Impaired Children Improved with Acoustically Modified Speech
A speech processing algorithm was developed to create more salient versions of the rapidly changing elements in the acoustic waveform of speech that have been shown to be deficiently processed byExpand
Neural deficits in children with dyslexia ameliorated by behavioral remediation: Evidence from functional MRI
Developmental dyslexia, characterized by unexplained difficulty in reading, is associated with behavioral deficits in phonological processing. Functional neuroimaging studies have shown a deficit inExpand
Speech comprehension is correlated with temporal response patterns recorded from auditory cortex
TLDR
Speech comprehension depends on the integrity of both the spectral content and temporal envelope of the speech signal. Expand
Multiparametric auditory receptive field organization across five cortical fields in the albino rat.
The auditory cortex of the rat is becoming an increasingly popular model system for studies of experience-dependent receptive field plasticity. However, the relative position of various fields withinExpand
Plasticity in the frequency representation of primary auditory cortex following discrimination training in adult owl monkeys
Previous studies have shown that the tonotopic organization of primary auditory cortex is altered subsequent to restricted cochlear lesions (Robertson and Irvine, 1989) and that the topographicExpand
Temporal Processing Deficits of Language-Learning Impaired Children Ameliorated by Training
Children with language-based learning impairments (LLIs) have major deficits in their recognition of some rapidly successive phonetic elements and nonspeech sound stimuli. In the current study, LLIExpand
Cortical map reorganization enabled by nucleus basalis activity.
Little is known about the mechanisms that allow the cortex to selectively improve the neural representations of behaviorally important stimuli while ignoring irrelevant stimuli. DiffuseExpand
Modulation of the Auditory Cortex during Speech: An MEG Study
Several behavioral and brain imaging studies have demonstrated a significant interaction between speech perception and speech production. In this study, auditory cortical responses to speech wereExpand
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